“Tam, dze klen shumits”, N. Stankevich “Mierskiya naviny” August 2017
There are 14 houses in Baslaki, 29 residents, including not only pensioners. In the courtyard of a brick house construction process. The owner is a modest, laconic person. He said that he was busy as a caretaker at the Sitkov school, and in his spare time they were building a bathhouse
“Adnavyaskoytsy” M. Kukut’ “Mierskiya naviny” No. 29 Saturday, April 10, 2010
People learned about the war with Germany in 1941 in the village of Belevtsy, on the territory of the Novopogost village Council, almost on the first day. The bad news was brought by Yulyasev’s son, the teenager Ignas, and he heard it on the radio. Yulyas’ Rynkevich lived on a farm almost a mile from the village…
“Belorusskaya” I. Kubarka
Residents of the village of Belorusskaya, in the collective farm “Paris Commune”, paid tribute to their fellow countrymen who did not return from the war during the celebration. And 8 villagers went to the front, only half met the victory, now the military generation is represented only by Ivan Ignatievich Lushchenok-a disabled man. Many honored workers were sent to the light of the Belarusian, which used to be called Matyuki.
“Svjata veski” Z.Bunto “Mierskiya naviny” No. 68 Tuesday, August 25, 2009
Exactly such a time has passed since the last time a holiday was held in the village of Belorusskaya. Then the head of the village library R.M.Vashkel helped me to conduct it. And here is a new meeting on August 9. It was organized with the support of the current librarian Luda Parshuto and the amateur art collective of Chepukovsky SDK.
“Sledapyt” D.Vasilenko “Mierskiya naviny” 09.10.2018
The village of Blazhki is located in the suburb of Miory. The location is good: within walking distance of the district center, near the Meritsa River, the road to Verkhnedvinsk runs through the town. The village is promising. People are happy to build housing here. In the neighborhood of the new brick houses, abandoned houses have fallen into disrepair. But they’ll probably be demolished soon. Then the land plots will be freed up for new housing. The village is gradually being updated.
I was interested in why the place was called Blazhki.
Here are my options. Most likely, Blazhki was named after one of the residents surnames-Blazhevich or Blazhko. “Blazhka” is also stupidity , unrealizable thoughts and desires.
The initiator and organizer of the holiday in the villages of Turchino and Bondartsy was the head of the Sitkov village club Tatyana Viktorovna Ivashkevich. These settlements are quite small, located nearby in very beautiful places.
“Dobry zen, susedzi” S.Sinyavskaya “Mierskiya naviny” No. 70 Tuesday, August 30, 2011
On August 21, the holiday of the village of Bosyanki was held. It united the population of not only this locality. Residents of Nemirovo, Balaev, and Kubyakov came to the former club. Both the elders and the young gathered.
“Rybatskaya vesachka Bradzeva” by D.Vasilenko “Mierskiya naviny” No. 23, 2018
Not far from Leonpol, on a hill, is the small village of Bredevo. From there you can enjoy a magnificent view of the Western Dvina Valley. People have long chosen these places. This is evidenced by the Iron Age parking lot found nearby. The landscapes of Bredev fascinate with the beauty, silence of nature and rich forests. I believe that the village got its name from the fishing device-brednyu. The second version of the adventure of the name Bredevo-from the word ford.
“Svyataya veski” by I.Kachanovskaya
At the end of October, in the outback of our collective farm “Lenin’s Precepts”, in the village of Brushki, which is inhabited mainly by residents of retirement age, we held a holiday. By the way, it happened in the house of Leonid Pavlovich Svirko, whose father was one of the first chairmen of the collective farm.
“Pra vesku i yae ludzei” T. Shupeyko “Mierskiya naviny” No. 78 Saturday, September 29, 2012.
On a clear August day, residents of the village of Bychynshchyna gathered together for a holiday. There are beautiful places on the banks of the Disenka River, not far from the smallest city of the republic.
“Waiting for the car shop” I. Matelenok “Mierskiya naviny” No. 54 Saturday, July 7, 2018
Mostly elderly people live in Bychynshchyna, as well as summer residents from Disna and Polotsk. There are 25 houses in total. Why the village is so called, no one knows. It is logical to assume that earlier here, however, as in any other village, cattle were kept.
Dmitry Vasilenko, “Vesku namali pa prozvishchi” “Mierskiya naviny”
“Descendants of the Old Believers” l.Matelenok “Mierskiya naviny” No. 6 Saturday, January 19, 2019
Life and traditions of Old Believers in the microdistrict of the agro-town of Chepuki in the Miorsky district.
“Mierskiya naviny” № 100 Saturday, December 13, 2008
Kristina Kapeke was born in the Cherkasovo estate, located near Yazno.
V. Ermalenok. From the history of the village of CHERESSY
Stopping at the church, I remind the “Argonauts” of interesting moments in the history of this village. People have long inhabited this place. More than once, tools of ancient inhabitants were found in the vicinity-scrapers, chisels, axes, which are 5-6 thousand years old. Mysterious and mysterious is the very name of the village. In old manuscripts and books, various spellings of it are given: Through, Cherres, Cheress, Cherets. According to Professor V. Zhuchkevich, this name was formed from the Slavic word “chartalo” — tools for tillage. But most likely here you need to look for Finno-Ugric roots. This is evidenced by the formant “Yeri”. The historian-researcher M. Spiridonov found the name of this village as Teresa in the manuscripts of the XVI century. In the map printed by him, it is indicated under this name.
It is difficult to write the history of D.Cheressy primarily because there were several settlements with this name. D. herself.Cheressy, an estate, as well as the village and estate of Charas-a settlement. And so it’s hard to find out which skulls we’re talking about anyway. Thus, Cherez-settlement was first mentioned in 1505 as the possession of John Sapieha, secretary of the King of Poland, and Grand Duke Alexander of Lithuania. Since 1530, it has been in the possession of Ivan Bassa, a boyar of Smolensk. And in the “audit of the Polotsk voivodeship of 1552” it is recorded that “Anikey Andreevich Korsak has a fatherland estate, the Cheretsky yard, to that yard of the people of the fatherland Dyms 10, and services 6. Those people go to work with what they order, to that yard of the people of free Dyms 24, those people give him with their arable land from all grain a fourth share, to the same yard of free people who sit at liberty and pay nothing 4 dyms, to the same yard of servants who go with him on the road go, 5 Dyms and 2 dyms of gardeners”. This interesting document testifies to the gradual enslavement of the peasants and the increase in their duties in favor of the lord.
The names of the villages near Cheress: Litovchiki, Tatars, Padans-indicate different categories of the population of these places. Most likely, the Lithuanians and Tatars lived as servants of the pan. Already in the XVI century. The Chereses pass to the Zawisz family-famous figures of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. After the death of the last of them, Marshal of the court Ignatius Zawisz, according to the privilege of King Augustus III, the estate passes to Nikolai Radziwill, who married Barbara Zawisz. This happened in the middle of the XVIII century. Under the Radziwills, the Cheress developed as a large folwark. Thus, in 1778. Under Stanislaw Radziwill, the Cheressa estate included 303 yards, four breweries, two mills, and one ash processing plant for patash. Every year it brought a profit of 4,5 thousand zlotys. Five people worked on it. Patash was exported to sell in the city of Krulevets (Kaliningrad).
The main income in the estate of Cheressa was the sale of field crops. 5253 zlotys (74%) — grain, 1669 zlotys-hay, 150 zlotys-vegetable garden and garden. What was the zloty rate at that time? Rye barrel (400 liters) it cost 12 zlotys, a ram-2 zlotys, a gander-20 groschen.
The farm employed 278 Smokes. Each year, the peasants worked 23,184 days of serfdom, four apprentices-1,200 days. Thus, the peasants worked 119 days a year from one smoke, and the farmhands-300.
In 1778, the Radziwills from the estate of Cheressy sold goods in Riga for 26909 zlotys. 3 the wood and its processed products were the most valuable of them, in addition, the money was brought by the sale of rye, ilnosem, and oakum. All income for the year amounted to 46046 zlotys. At the same time, more than half of the funds came from the sale of goods on the foreign market.
There have long been two churches in Cheressy-the Holy Mother of God and St. Nicholas. In 1753, at the expense of Prince Radziwill, a new Uniate church was built, the iconostasis of which has survived to our time. In 1839, this church was forcibly converted to an Orthodox church, and the peasants were forcibly converted to Orthodoxy.
In 1795, the estate of Cheressa finally became part of the Russian Empire. The Cherez Radziwills, unlike the Nesvizh Radziwills, were quite tolerant of the Russian authorities. And therefore, during the uprising, the tsarist authorities did not confiscate the estate of Cheressa, as, for example, Leonpol Lopatinsky. But dramatic events of a personal nature happened there as well. Thus, Nikolai Radziwill, a participant in the Crimean War of 1853-1856, who was awarded Russian medals, decided to switch from the Catholic faith to the Orthodox, since the Orthodox had relief in paying taxes and other political benefits. But his wife Ludvika, from the Svyatopolk-Mirsky family from Kamianpol, categorically refused to change her faith. She used every means to sing her husband’s song. But he remained relentless. A local Orthodox priest, John Kuznetsov, came to his aid. His correspondence with the Princess is preserved in the archive. Here are the lines from there: “I do not advise you, Princess, to be stubborn, for if you do not change your faith, you will lose your union with your husband.” Further, he convinces: “you live in the Russian region, among the Russian people “ The Polish times have long ended, the times of Russian rights have come. And therefore the lady will punish not only the judgment of God, but also of man”” To strengthen the family alliance, the princess wrote letters to the Vilna governor and the military commander. But it was not the wife in love who won, but the official policy of the tsarist authorities. In March, Radziwill converted to Orthodoxy, and in April, he filed a petition for the abolition of the tax. Later, the marriage with Mirskaya was dissolved, and the prince married the Orthodox Stephanie Dubashinskaya from Mior (now Dubashinsky Dvor). But I did not recognize happiness, because soon I gradually went mad. At the beginning of the XXI century. During the reconstruction of the Miora church, the tombstone of Ludwika Mirska, who lived only 22 years, was found.
After the abolition of serfdom in 1863, the peasants received freedom, as well as land for ransom. In this regard, the historical archive of St. Petersburg contains almost 20-year-old court case related to the struggle of peasants for their land. The bottom line is that they have long had hayfields in the forests. They were used for free. Yes, in 1864, when drawing up the redemption act, the Radziwills wanted to include these allotments in the redemption. Only the peasants did not submit, they send their walkers to Vilnius, Moscow, St. Petersburg to find the truth. So, in the documents of the archive we find the name of the retired private Afanasy Stepulenko and Ignatiy Mata, defending the rights of peasants from the villages of Sverdly, Podhaitsy, Yuntsy, Maty, Kartavy, Pestuny, Sukhi, Veretey. In Moscow, on behalf of the peasants, Maxim Shamshur, a villager from Denisov, was looking for the truth. The court case continued after 1879, when Nikolai Radziwill’s sister Maria Radziwill (by her husband Tyszkiewicz) became the owner of the estate. By the condition of 1879. she had to support her distraught brother, paying him an annual pension of 3,000 rubles in silver. And after his death, instead of the seventh part of the estate, it was obliged to transfer 10,000 rubles in silver to his brother’s wife. The estate of Cheressa brought then a profit of 61,250 rubles. For comparison: the cow cost then 15 rubles.
Continuing the court case, Maria Tyszkiewicz in 1879 appealed even to the Emperor Alexander II himself. a copy of her letter is in our historical museum, but everywhere the answer was negative. The peasants won this time. After the suppression of the uprising of 1863, as well as throughout the region, violent Russification was carried out in Cheressy. 3 For this purpose, on December 6, 1866, the St. Nicholas Brotherhood was established at the Chereus Orthodox Church. The main goal is “activities for the benefit of the Orthodox-Russian cause”. The founders were priests Andrievsky, Kuznetsov, captain of gendarmes Dunkel. Thanks to the records of this fraternity, which are in the museum of Secondary School No. 3, we learn about many surnames of people from our area. In the following years, the community grows, its treasury is replenished. In favor of the “Russian cause”, the landowner of the Tver province, Anna Yuretskaya, sent church items for 50 rubles in silver. And the priest of this province, Alexander Poshekhonov-for 3 rubles. Thanks to the efforts of the brotherhood, branches of the Cheryosky National School were opened in the villages of Velikaya Kovalevshchyna and Pestuny. It was taught by two students who had already graduated from the institution. The fee was 1 ruble per student per year, and the cost of the room — 3 rubles. Prince Nikolai Radziwill also gave the community 300 rubles, and Stepan Shevchenko-an icon worth 10 rubles. Nikolai Radziwill was elected Honorary Chairman. The peasant V. Pestun Franz Tychko received 1 ruble for placing a public school in his house. In the following years, the number of associations increases. It begins to engage in usurious activities. “Taking into account the hopeless situation of the peasants as a result of the crop failure, the brotherhood lends money at six percent per annum to the peasants of Gritskevich (V. V.). Pestun), Luschenka (V. Maty), Ilya Malysh (kozly) and others”” For the production of two cabinets for the church, the local master Grinevich receives 10 rubles. In 1879, 25 people took out a loan. Also, to help poor students as a result of a crop failure, 10 rubles were issued for the purchase of cereals. The activity of the brotherhood continued later, when Alexey Biryukovich became a priest.
In the second half of the XIX century. Cheressy parish was quite significant in size. So, in 1872, it had 342 households, 56 villages, 3,223 inhabitants. Although Miora parish had 180 households, 3,451 inhabitants. Volost chairmen in Cheressy in the XIX-beginning. The XX centuries were Philip Motelenok, Fama Lokotko, Vladimir Shulga. The first information about the Chere school dates back to 1863. Russian Russian school in Belarus will do more than a division of Russian soldiers, as Muravyov-veshatel said, ” One Russian school in Belarus will do more than a division of Russian soldiers.” The first teacher in Cheressy was Vasily Demyanovich Kozheko, the Law of God was taught by the priest Alexey Biryukovich. In 1878-79. Zinovia Stankevich was a teacher, and her brother Vikenty Stankevich taught the law of God. This year, 30-40 students were engaged. In 1892, Fekla Nikolaenok, a student of the Chereska women’s Parish School, was awarded by the Lithuanian Diocesan Council for her success in teaching with the book “School of Piety”, 1885. Now this book is in our book and print museum. In 1901, 96 students were already studying at the Cheryos school, the teacher’s salary at that time was 180 rubles, and 30 rubles were given for food and an apartment.
In 1880, the Cheressa estate passed into the possession of the Elovichskys, who continued to actively develop the farm. It was during their time that one of the most exemplary stud farms in Russia existed in the village of Fronopol in the Chere parish. Then there was a cloth mill, drinking houses, a watermill, a tannery, and a brewery.
At the beginning of the XX century. after the death of Adolf Elovichsky, the Cheressy passed to his daughters Lubomirsky. They begin to actively sell forest land to German firms that cut down the forest and export it abroad. In 1908, the estate was laid out in a peasant bank, and in 1912, 10,000 dessiatines of land from the Cheresky possessions passed to the brothers Pavel and Vladimir Kharchenko.
In connection with the Stolypin reform, many documents on the Cheryoska volost about land disputes between peasants appear. In this sense, the case of Viktor Korsak and Anatoly Blazhevich from the Cheressa estate is interesting. It lasted until the revolution itself, but it was never completed, and it was also conducted under Poland. Another interesting document is in the historical museum of our school. This is an extract from the Vilna Provincial “presence” on drinking matters of 17.11.1894. “We listened to the Disnensky district Court for Drinking Cases, where the verdict of the parishioners of the Cheryosskaya Church on the closure of drinking houses within their parish in memory of the marriages of the now reigning Emperor Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna was considered. On the basis of Decree No. 524 of the Charter on Excise Duties, it is allowed for peasants to d.Cheress close those taverns that are less than 30 fathoms away. Due to the fact that the tavern “Slavshchizna” is 7 fathoms from the estate of the settlement of the parishioners of the Chereska Church, it should be closed. And the drinking house of Cheressa, which is 235 fathoms away, remains.” So, already in the XIX century. too many peasants took part in the struggle for sobriety.
1914-1921 is marked for our places by a time of timelessness. Hundreds of Russian men were conscripted into the Russian army, and many of them died “for the faith, the tsar, and the fatherland.” In 1916-1917, the headquarters of the Kara Infantry Regiment was located here (Lermontov once served in this regiment). In 1917-1920, the German, Polish, “white” and “red” troops passed more than once, which ruthlessly plundered the population. As part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the estate of Cheressa finally fell into disrepair. In 1929, the Vilna Peasant Bank put the Chereus estate of Vladimir Kharchenko up for auction to repay the loans. Most of the peasants were transferred to the farm, some went to work in Latvia, France, Canada, etc. In the interwar period, there was an elementary school in the town, and a semi-technical school was located in Bolshaya Glinovka. In 1939, Cheressy became part of the Miorsky district. Here, in 1940, one of the first collective farms of the “fighting partisans” was formed, led by Joseph Schastny, who later died near Berlin. During the Great Patriotic War, an underground group consisting of A. Mantsevich, D. Barka, I. Lokotki, and others operated in Cheressy. Later, the underground workers joined the “Moscow” detachment of the “October ” brigade. The post-war life of the Cheressovs is connected with the activities of the kolkhoz “combat partisan”. There were big purchases and losses. For example, a modern agro-town grew up on the site of the village, but the almost century-old Cheryos school ceased to exist, and many interesting farm buildings of the XIX and XX centuries were destroyed.
“Chur meane, chur!” D. Vasilenko “Mierskiya naviny” 14.08.2018
The search for the possible origin of the name of the village Churilovo Dalnee turned out to be interesting.
The first is about the glorious hero Churila Plenkovich.
It is also possible that Churilo was formed from the abbreviated name Chura-Churislav, defender of Russia.
“There, dze klen shumits” n. Stankevich “Mierskiya naviny” August 2017.
There are 10 houses and 14 residents in Denisov. The Stasevichs ‘ house is right next to the road.
“Holy” T. Labanovskaya
Denisi is a village in the Novopogostsky Village Council, where orchards bloom in spring and grain growers wrap grain in the soil, plant potatoes and other vegetables , and in autumn ripe apples fill the air with aroma and delight the fields with harvest. In summer, every morning, the streets are awakened by the singing of roosters and the lowing of cows, the creaking of wells, and in winter, blue smoke curls over the chimneys of houses and children rush to school… these and other signs indicate that, despite the urbanization processes, there is no threat of the disappearance of this settlement yet, which, of course, pleases – in recent decades, too many villages have already disappeared.
For the first time, Denis are mentioned in archival documents under the name Denisovichi in 1566 as part of the Bildyuzhsky voitovstvo of the Bildyuzhsky volost with state ownership of 10 volok of land.
The village of Denisa is not crowded, but kind and hardworking people live here.
“Pain and anxiety of the villages of Zalesye”
Your native village is Denisovo, almost all your fellow countrymen have become very old, there is now no eight-year school, no club, no gym in Zalesye.
“Krayaznaystva” “Mierskiya naviny” 7.04.2012
Until 1939, there was a Svinskaya Street in Disna. But the animal has nothing to do with it. The fact is that the Swedes call themselves “Sven”, “svenskere”. Hence the name. This means that the streets were once inhabited by Swedes, and this fact has long been preserved in the memory of Disney residents. But over time, “Svenskaya” turned into “Svinskaya”. This could have happened when the memory of the first inhabitants had already been erased. Now this street is called Yubileynaya and is the central one in the city. It is also the oldest.
“Dzisna-nasha spadchyna i Malaya Radzima” Krayaznayskaya gazeta No. 43 (732), November 2018.
Disnenskaya District Hospital is the business card of the smallest city in Belarus. A medical facility with one hundred beds appeared in Disna on the bank of the Western Dvina River in 1903. The building has always been used as a hospital. Under all the authorities: tsarist, Soviet, German, and in the first and Second World Wars. Also under Poland.
During the liberation of the city in 1944, a fire broke out in the building. The wooden roof and ceilings were completely burned out. In 1958, the local government undertook the restoration of the hospital. But here the Disnensky district was liquidated, and construction work was stopped. In 1977, the famous director Chetverikov began shooting the film “Black Birch” about the post-war Belarus. He couldn’t find a better location in the whole country than at Disney.
“Zemlyaki” by A.Voronin “Mierskiya naviny” 2013
In July, Disna was visited by distinguished guests from Israel . Although, why the guests? These people left the town more than 50 years ago and have not visited their native places since. The trip was organized for their children, understanding how important it is to feel a connection with the motherland at a respectable age.
“Dzisna-may malaya radzima” D.Paguchevskaya “Krayaznayskaya gazeta”
Dzisna-May malenkaya radzima
Prygodzhi kut, rakoy-Dzviny abmyty,
Ne bachy hto, – ne vedae krasy.
Tut garadok, dzyarzhavayu abmyty.
Vyalikim byy y minulyya chasy.
Tsyaper malochki i zusim dabity
Perabudovay, chasam i vainoy …
malochny zavod bur’yanom pakryty,
Zavod tsagelny zmeshany z zyamlei.
Balnitsa abgarelaya nad rechkai
Z chasoy vainy pad liynyami sumue.
Ratunku y nebo molyats truby-svechki,
Bo na zyamli sho ix nihto nechue.
Stari kascel vilenskaga baroka
Staits, yak svedak, roda nad Dzvinoyu.
Ruinuyutskij nizkij abloki.
Tryvozhat rany, bityya vainoyu.
Dy ne kastel ci inshaya ruiny
Zayzdy mne dumki i dyshy kranayut:
Dzisna-u svetse garadok adziny,
Dze kvetki matchyny vyasnoy palayut!
Dze prytulilasya starenkaya khatsina,
Tsymbaly batskavy, y dzyurkakh lodka…
I sertsa tut hvalyut uspaminy:
Zhyli khots skipla my, ale … salodka!
Valera Brat-prygozhy i spartyyny,
Artyst, rybak i maystar pratsavity,
Na scene prazavay, yak ya, aktyyna.
Dy yse praischlo, i ne bylo nibyta…
I vos, kali stamlyusya, zahvareyu-
Kidayu shse, da rodnae hatsiny
Spyaschayusya, dyschoi tut maladzeyu,
Yak u dalekiya yunatskiya chasiny.
Moi rodny gorad, moi kutok lyubimy,
Tabe tsyaplo dushy, tsyaplo pryznannya,
Myastsin nyamala pomny u Radzima…
Ty dlya myane-yak pershae kahanne!
“On the karts of raen” by L.Kosaty “Mierskiya naviny” No. 8 Saturday, January 26, 2008.
Such a village is located on the territory of the Yaznensky village Council. An ancient settlement that is several centuries old. Reliable information could not be found, as well as to find out why the village has such a name. Local residents and teachers do not know this, although there are several references.
In Belarus, many people know the poet Dranko-Maysyuk. The consonance of the village name and the first part of the poet’s surname are obvious. As they say, we will pull the thread.
Potatoes are the second bread for Belarusians . Especially like both old and small dumplings and draniki. How is the word dranik explained? This is a flatbread, a pancake made of torn potatoes. Perhaps the word was transformed, became the name of the village.
Now there are three residents in this locality. Maria Feodorovna Shcherbitskaya is 99 years old.Her son Nikolai Yegorovich takes care of her.
The village used to be full of children’s voices. Now only in the summer can parents with children’s voices come by. Now only in the summer can parents with children come to their ancestral home.
“Holy” N.Kruk “Mierskiya naviny” No. 77 Saturday, September 25, 2010.
The weather in the second half of August was changeable: the wind blew, which drove away and dispersed the clouds, then it rained , but the holiday in honor of Zarechnaya and Molodezhnaya streets in Driguchy contributed.
In total, about 70 people live on Zarechnaya and Molodezhnaya streets. Some are away, in the farm fields, but many who were at home on this Sunday afternoon, postponed business .
“Svyataya veski” by A.Voronina “Mierskiya naviny” No. 76, September 22, 2018.
There is a place in the world where the soul is warm and cozy, time passes imperceptibly, and the air feeds with energy and positivity. Where is this wonderful corner? Everyone has their own way. On a sunny September day, the villagers celebrated the holiday of the village of Driguchi and others. To meet with relatives and friends , some had to travel more than seven hundred kilometers.
Ermalenok V. A.
The first object of our route on this road is Dubashinsky Dvor. The distance from the district center is 3 km of good asphalt road, the gravel road is only the last 400 m to the settlement itself. The former name of the village is Miory. The estate belonged to Dubashinsky. Tourists will see the remains of the Barsky park, stavki. There is also a settlement of an ancient man of the Neolithic era, which was opened by the Kruzhkovites 30 years ago. “Argonauts of the Past” has been exploring these places for over 30 years. A lot of ceramics, tiles, and ancient things were found that contribute to the restoration of the history of the estate, its interior, since the XVI century. Stone scrapers, incisors, and nuclei allow us to date the appearance of the settlement to the III millennium BC. To the left of the road is a new city cemetery with a chapel built in the 90s of the XX century.
“Zemlyaki” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 87 Saturday, October 31, 2009.
Finally, my parents left me in the Courtyard with my grandparents. It was here that the belated childhood returned with a quiet life, studies, and friends. I went to the forest for mushrooms and berries, swam in the lake, ran to the mill to see how flour was produced, was interested in ice fishing, grazed cows with the neighbor’s boy Jozef, was a participant in the fun women’s bath days…
“Svyata veski” Pankrat “Mierskiya naviny” No. 66 Tuesday, August 16, 2011
Now only two women live in Fedosov, and Lipno has 9 residents. Only once in these settlements of the current JSC “Sitkovo” life was raging, as well as in the neighboring Barkovshchina, Kuta.
“Ludzi veski” p.Kadushka “Mierskiya naviny” No. 82 Tuesday, October 12, 2010.
A party for the elderly was organized in the village of Galenchino on October 1. Every resident received an invitation to it. By the way, this is a very small settlement, only pensioners live in it.
“Yak fingers y kulak” K. S. Kornelyuk “Mierskiya naviny”
While the dream of publishing a reference book is not fulfilled, I offer some proverbs recorded in one of the talented Miory villages of Golomysl, whose history dates back several centuries.
Happy people do not repent, happy happiness is every day.
Where is the sky, where is the water-you can’t see it…
“Zalatyya yubilyary” E. Blazhevich “Mierskiya naviny ” No. 19 Subota , 5 sakavika 2011
When Sophie Alexandrovna and Alexandra and Alexandra Viktorovich Shukov’s children and granddaughters come together, the quiet rooms in their house are filled with hubbub and laughter. And this, of course, pleases the elderly. They live on a farm, and the village of Harushovo, which is nearby, is already completely deserted, the orphaned huts stand silently. In the vicinity there are only two” living ” farmsteads, which are managed by pensioners. The houses are located at a distance from the main road, there is silence, to which the villagers are already accustomed.
Ermalenok V. A. From the history of the estate in Idolta
Beautiful places around Lake Milosovo. Long ago, back in the Stone Age, people began to settle here. But the greatest fame of this area was brought by their owners: the notorious families of Sapeg and Milos. It is from Milos that the famous French poet Askar Milos and the poet, publicist, novelist, translator, Nobel Prize winner Czeslaw Milos come. Still attracted by the beauty of the magnificent monuments of architecture: the manor and the chapel in Idolta, the church in Miloshevo.
Idolta is first mentioned in documents of the XVI century. as the possession of the Rudamins-Dusiatskys, then the Sapegs, in 1667 belonged to Stock. In general, the estate of Idolta often appears in historical sources under the name of Dubrava, which makes it difficult to belong. It is reliably known that from 1725 to 1824 this area was owned by the Sapegs. They did not have their own estate in Idolta, because their main fiefdom is Druja, where they have owned a castle since the 16th century. After the annexation of our region to the Russian Empire, all the gentry had to swear allegiance to the Russian Empress Catherine II under the threat of sequestration (confiscation) of their estates. Only the Sapegs, like other magnates, refused to betray their country. With the help of the manager of all the Sapezhinsky estates, Nitoslavsky, Druisky and Chereysky keys were sold to Joseph Milos for almost nothing, if only they did not go to the Russian nobles. In total, Nitoslavsky and Milos each got 25 thousand dessiatines of land in the Vilna and Mogilev regions. General Francis Sapieha himself took Austrian citizenship and remained in Galicia. Czeslaw Milosz describes these events in an interesting way in his book “The Search for the Fatherland”. The main information about the Milos is transmitted by their friend Sigmund Huz, who ruled the court of Konstantinovo at Drui. Shishka himself came from a French family, probably from soldiers of Napoleon’s army. Joseph Milos came to the service of Sapieha from Kovenshchina. But the name Miloshev is mentioned in Braslav county in the XVI century. And it is clear that the name of D. Milashov, known according to documents from 1567, comes from the surname Milosh.
During the” analysis of the szlachta”, that is, confirmation of his Szlachta origin, Joseph Milos submits documents to the heraldic commission under the Senate. From them it is known that the Miloshi used the noble title since ancient times. The petition lists the following generations of this family from the XVI century: 1) Gregory, 2) Urban, 3) Jan, 4) Michael, 5) Casimir, 6) Andrew, who had four sons: Yuri, Adam, Casimir, Semyon. From Yuri come Yatek, Tadeusz, Kazimir, Stefan, Joseph. Kazimir has four sons: Jacek, a retired Hussar rathmister, Mikhail, a lieutenant colonel, Antony and Yuri died in childhood, and Joseph, who bought Drya and Cherya from Sapieha. Joseph has two sons: Adam (Henrik, Casimir) and Eugene (Edward, Arthur).
Arthur Milos is the grandfather of the French writer Askar Milos. He was an officer of the Uhlan regiment, participated in the uprising of 1831.During the battle, he was seriously wounded, a cannonball tore off his leg. He married the charming beauty of the singer of the opera La Scala Natalia Taostra. The poet’s father Vladislav Milos was born in 1838 in Vilnius, where Artur and Natalia lived permanently. In Chere, the managers were more in charge, but the poet himself was born there in 1878.
Let’s return to the direct owners of Drui and Idolt-the descendants of Joseph Milos. His son Eugene (Eugenius) He was married to Emilia of the Targon family. He had three daughters and two sons, Joseph and Eugenius. Three children died in childhood. To this day, on the peninsula near the chapel, there are stones with the dates of the death of children on iron crosses. One of them reads the inscription: Konrad Milos 19.02.1849-13.04.1852. The sons Joseph and Eugenius received an excellent education: first they studied at the Jesuit college in Mecca, then at French universities. Like my father, they were fluent in a number of European languages. While the children were receiving their education, Yevgeny Milosh was actively engaged in economic activities. He rebuilt the castle in Drouet, and in 1862, with his own money, he built a chapel, where his wife found eternal rest. This small rectangular building rose beautifully on the Milosovskoe Lake peninsula. Grandeur and austerity at the same time create square columns with projections, a round window above the entrance, an exemplary ribbon of triglyphs surrounds the pediment of the chapel. The gable roof with a triangular gable ends with a square wooden bell tower.
The chapel is a typical monument of late classicism. From the estate, the road was decorated with lime trees, some of which survived to the present, so the locals call this place “lipnyak”. At the same time, Milos begins work on the construction of the Idolt manor house. In a short time, a majestic two-story building stretched from south to north appeared. Under the house there are powerful basements for storing food supplies. In the vaults there was also a well with spring water, which has survived to the present. Above the entrance was a large attic with a balcony, which was supported on four square columns. The manor house was built on a fairly low place, so for drainage channels were dug with sluices that regulated the level of water flowing into Lake Milosovo. At the same time, a landscape-type park was laid out, where lime trees, maples, chestnuts and other trees grew. There were several ponds in the park. There is a legend that Milos ‘ little son Eduard drowned in one of them, so his father ordered to build an observation hill on the pond in the form of a cross. To this day, the majestic outbuildings, shula pillars made of brick and stone have also been preserved. Their peculiarity is that they are decorated with “raisin masonry” (small stones in white plaster), which creates even a colorful, playful look to the utility rooms. Some of the buildings are lost, including the stone refrigerator, of which the majestic ruins remain. Eugene Milosh took care of the education of local residents, allocated a forest for the construction of a public school in Miloshov, which was officially opened on April 1, 1873.
Here is how Zygmunt Guz notes Milos ‘activities in his work, in a letter to the Nobel Laureate Czeslaw Milos:” this is a modest, hardworking man “ Left behind the best memories among the local people. He valued his peasants, and never had any disputes with them. Thanks to its economy, the peasants of the Milosovo parish were richer than others. Their grandchildren not only graduated from high school, but also attended high schools. Priests, priests, doctors, and military men appeared among them. Many died in the World Wars, were tortured in Solovki or Katyn during the Stalinist repressions.” Let us recall the names of only a few: doctor, figure of the national liberation movement Joseph Maletsky, teacher, participant of the liberation movement in pre-war Poland Yevgeny Anisko, Red Army General Sankovsky, priests K. Smulko, Gailevich and many others.
There were also various curiosities with Eugeniusz Milos. So, one day he went hunting and probably accidentally locked his wife in the basement. It was only a few days later that I remembered what I had done.
But let’s return to the descendants of Yevgeny Milos. The youngest son, Eugenius, after studying in France, graduated from the Academy of Military Law in St. Petersburg, and became a military prosecutor. For a further career, it was necessary to change the Catholic religion, if not to the Orthodox, then to the Lutheran. Eugeniusz refused and returned to his homeland, having inherited the Druj fiefdom. He lived alone, with no one but his sister, did not maintain relations. Only when she stopped playing the piano in the castle did people know that something had happened. Indeed, he was already on the verge of death, but he managed to say goodbye to his relatives, ask for forgiveness from the priests. Although he was a deep believer, he did not go to the church and to confession. He died in 1908, leaving his estate to his nephews Adam and Emilia. He is buried in the ancestral chapel of Milos in Idolta. His older brother Joseph also threw in his lot with the army after his studies. He rose to the rank of ratmister of the Ulan regiment of the Imperial Guard in St. Petersburg. After retiring, after the death of his father, he took up economic activity. But it did not bear fruit. The brewery built in folvarka Stayki went bankrupt, unable to withstand the competition. They were supposed to pay a lot on their loans. Even the legacy left after the death of the aunts (the Lukomol estate) did not help. Daughter Emilia sold the main possessions of Milashev-Droyu, Lukomol. Idolta in 1909 was sold to Ignat Svidersky, who was also a zealous owner and continued the activities started by the Milashovs. In the interwar period, his son Anton Svidersky and his wife Ludwika of the Rachitsky family ruled. They had two sons, Henrik and Wladek. Yes, only in 1940. Their entire family was taken to Siberia, but they never returned. Interesting memories are preserved about the younger sister Yevgenyusha and Joseph Jadwiga-the most beloved daughter. It was to her that her father described the Idolt as a dowry. Having married a certain Izhitsky, she immediately after the wedding night ordered to take the groom to the railway station. Later, she lived alone all her life, managing the farm, and in her spare time she was engaged in charity work, for which the local people called her a saint. Jadwiga led a Spartan lifestyle. I bathed from early spring to late autumn. She loved to ride a horse, and she and her brother Eugeniusz often rode horses on forest trails.
Ermalenok V. A. From the history of the Mirsky estate in KAMENPOLE
The 450-year-old history of the estate of Svyatopolk-Mirsky coat of arms “Belyn ” in d.Kamianpole. The first owners of these places-Grigory Mirsky, Jozef Anthony Mirsky, the leader of the gentry of the Braslav district. The sub-majors of Braslav were Vasily Mirsky (1611-1623), Krzysztof Sebastian Mirsky, Kazimir Mirsky (1678-1680), Bohuslav Mirsky (1872-1794). More than once, representatives from this family held the positions of judges of the Zemsky Braslavsky district. For example, this is Grigory Mirsky( 1598-1613), Sebastian Mirsky (1625-1636, 1641), Ignat Mirsky (1789-1791), Ciprian Mirsky (1762-1791) served as a zemstvo clerk. Like all gentry families, the secular ones were distinguished by their patriotism. In 1794, Tomasz Mirski was a member of the rebel government of Lithuania. In 1831, the Mirskys also actively participated in the uprising, one of them being the commandant of Disna, which was captured by the rebels. Ludwig Mirsky, together with his daughter, participated in an anti-government demonstration in Drouet in 1861. The owner of Kamianpolya, Vislav Mirsky, together with his sister Claudia, was accused of having links with revolutionaries during the uprising of 1863.Anti-Russian proclamations were found in the vicinity of his estate. The first manor house existed here in the XVIII century. During the exploration of our circle in the past years, fragments of tiles of the XVIII-XVIII centuries were found. The tiles with a green glaze with the image of an angel, a fragment of which can be seen in our museum, are particularly beautiful. The lay family has always been deeply religious, so they have never spared money for the construction of shrines. So, back in 1641, the judge of the Zemsky Braslavsky, Sebastian Mirsky, funded money for a church, an Orthodox church and a monastery in Miory. A chapel was built near the estate on the road to Braslav at the end of the XVIII century. In 1805. It is consecrated by the priest of the Miora church, Jan Klimanovsky. It stood on a low hill of wood on a foundation of boulders. The building is rectangular in shape with a gable roof, a bell tower, covered with shingles. In front of the entrance, there are half a row of tiles on four pillars. The main icon of the altar is a copy of the Mother of God of Miora from the Miora Church. There was an ancient wooden crucifix and small choir stalls in the chapel. The floor is brick. In this form, the shrine existed until the middle of the twentieth century. During the struggle against religion, it was dismantled and used for household buildings. Jan Sviatopolk Mirsky restored the chapel in 1898. and he was a member of the committee for the construction of a church in Miory, donated money for this and 500 rubles for the purchase of an organ. The history of the estate and park complex itself is quite complex. First of all, the majority of historical scholars ignored the estate in Kamianpole. Even the famous explorer of the manor houses, the Polish scientist Roman Aftanazi, did not leave us a description. Secondly, almost no documents on the history of the estate have been preserved in Belarus, and even in the archives of Lithuania and Poland there are not many of them, more than in the XIX century. In addition to Kamenopol, the branched Mirsky family in Braslav county still owned the estates of Garani, Kazakov, Zagorye, Miory, Zaverye, Zainov, etc. In the middle of the XIX century. the old manor fell into disrepair. The separation of Kamianpol as a separate estate took place in 1801 between the sons of John Svyatopolk-Mirsky and Tekli from Zenovichi: Jan and Klavdiush. The first son became a marshal of the Disna county, and his brother, a graduate of the University of Vilna, received the Uzmena estate as a dowry from his wife Brigida from the Svirsky family. For organizing opposition to the conversion of the Uniates to Orthodoxy in 1840. exiled for six years to the Vyatka province. The Kamen-pole that passed to it consisted of the folvarka Stanuleva, three villages, nine hamlets, two small towns, two uninhabited places, a total of 5,970 acres of land. Most of it is occupied by swamps and forests. In 1811, the estate of Kamen-pole numbered 250 souls of peasants. Jan Mirsky died early, leaving three minor children: Wislaw, Natalia, Claudius, and an elderly mother. Since they could not manage independently, the Disen county noble guardianship in 1846 was established. appointed the guardian of the chairman of the boundary court Leonid Mikhailovich Korsak, who became the tenant of the estate. At that time, there were 392 men and 394 women. There are also seven taverns, three mills (two water mills and one windmill), and two lime kilns. The estate brought an income of 2,136 rubles and 75 kopecks in silver. The inventory indicates that the estate is in good condition. 30 acres of land are occupied for construction. Upon reaching the age of majority, the new owner in 1853 became Vislav Adolf-Julian Svyatopolk-Mirsky and began active economic activity. First, he managed to reduce taxes by excluding 2,045 tithes of unfit land from taxation. Then I decided to build a house and update the park. This required a lot of money. Therefore, Wislaw began to actively sell wood. If in 1844 the massifs occupied 2987 dessiatines, then in 1878 only 878. For convenient transportation, a channel was dug from the estate to Osinovsky Lake, and then along the Mior Lake, along the Meritsa River up to the Western Dvina. The canal diverted the excess water from the swampy land, which allowed the owner to lay out a park and garden. The area of the new park on the site of the old one was more than a hectare. It was surrounded by a large garden, in which grew about 1000 apple trees and cherries of different varieties, in the XIX century. its area is about 6 hectares. The income from the garden at that time amounted to 800 rubles a year, because apples were sold in different cities of the Russian Empire. Before the war, the park and garden took care of Mikhail Rachitsky. In the spring and autumn, he climbed trees, cut branches, for which he and his descendants received the nickname Starling. The main axis of the park was an old oak alley. Chestnut and lime oils grew around the perimeter. The owners bred grape slugs, which were sold for a while in France. During the great frosts of 1940, some of the exotic trees were frozen out. In front of the estate, two larch trees have been preserved, as a symbol of the love of the last owners, Wislaw and Stanislaw. Numerous gazebos were built in the park, and beautiful wooden bridges with lace carvings across the canals that skirted the park on three sides attracted the eye. The paths were always strewn with yellow sand, and the hosts and their guests often played on them. For a better view, an artificial hill is built in the northern part. In 1873, the construction was completed. Despite the reconstruction in the post-war years, the estate has almost completely preserved its original appearance. This is a large one-story rectangular wooden building, lined with white brick in the 70s of the twentieth century. At the entrance there are six columns and a porch, above which is an attic with four windows. At that time, the roof was covered with shingles. The layout of the house is corridor. In 10 rooms there was a living room, a large hall, an office of the owner, a room for children, a bedroom, a dining room, a kitchen. The interior is quite modest. The furniture is mostly made by local craftsmen. As mundane hunters, the walls of the master’s office were decorated with trophies and weapons. Back in the XVIII Century. The expedition of the Russian geographer Lepekhin was commissioned to collect ancient documents and manuscripts from Kamianpol. Therefore, the library of the estate has no old printed publications, but even before the Second World War, documents and books of the XVIII-XIX centuries were stored in Polish, Russian, German, and French. The collection of books is mainly fiction, but there were works of French enlighteners, historians and philosophers. Only a few publications were included in the museum collections of the Miora School No. 3.
On the walls are portraits from the Mirsky family, as well as paintings by famous Belarusian artists of the XIX century. The house was heated by four tiled stoves made of white, green and blue tiles. Only two of them have survived to the present day. It is made of white tile in the style of classicism and decorated with medallions on an antique plot. In 1894, the famous Czech scientist Adolf Czerny visited Kamianpole, where he recorded 40 Belarusian folk songs, which are now a real treasure trove of Russian folklore. After the death of Wislaw Mirski in 1885, his son John became the new owner of Kamianpol. Wislaw’s wife Brigida received only 1 / 7th of the estate, and her daughter Maria, by her husband Bogdanovich, only 1 / 14th. in 1909. Jan buys back part of the estate from his sister, and the total amount of Land has reached 4,169 tithes. In 1892, Yan entered the Medical Faculty of Moscow University. To study, you need money, and therefore takes a loan from the bank in 14,100 rubles secured by folvarkov Stanulev and Bukov. After graduation, he lives permanently in Kamianpole and shows himself to be a careful owner. It was under him that many of the necessary buildings appeared. Especially interesting is the cold one, which has existed for about 100 years. It had two tiers, a four-pitched roof, later sheathed with boards. In winter, the men harvested the ice, which was transported and stored in the lower tier, buried in the ground. The ice was covered with firewood and sawdust, and it lasted all summer until the next winter. The Mirskys kept dairy products and fresh fish here, just like in a modern refrigerator. Two more buildings were erected in 1907. By John Svyatopolk-Mirsky: stables and smithy. The stable is made of red brick in the neo-Gothic style. Everyone who drives up to the Kamen Field, it seems that he sees not a stable, but a fairy-tale castle. This impression is created primarily by colorful turrets, high shields, narrow windows like loopholes, and powerful gates. Unfortunately, the stable is now in a dilapidated state. Behind it were three more rectangular buildings. Together they formed a closed courtyard, used in winter for walking cattle. The smithy was square in size, but it was surprising in its power, because it was built not only of bricks, but above all of large stones-boulders. The blacksmithing business was conducted by the Oshurkov family. In the first half of the twentieth century. there was an electric motor, with which the estate was illuminated. The smithy was completely destroyed in the 80s of the XX century. Not far from the estate there are ponds with dams, where carp were bred. There was a windmill that operated at the expense of horsepower. One of its large stones can still be seen today. During the day, we received 3000-4000 kg of grains. May 20, 1916 John dies and the owner of most of the estate becomes his son Wislaw-Jozef-Peter-John-Marjan Mirsky. Part of the estate remains to John’s wife Elvira and their daughter Stanislava. After the death of her mother in 1929, part of it passed to Wislawa. In the interwar period, most of the land of the world was rented out. In the rest, the peasants worked for grain or bread. The payment from the master was received fairly and in a timely manner. In case of misfortune, fire, or starvation, the worldly animals always helped. There was a bell in the stable that was rung at lunchtime. Even trained horses would stop in a furrow or in the middle of the road when they heard his blows. Before 1939, Mirsky had a herd of 100 cows, which were milked by 15 women. The last owner of the estate was an avid hunter, kept a lot of dogs. Guests from Poland often came to him to hunt. The owner made sure that they could always get a boar, or at least a hare or a fox. Wislaw Mirsky had a large family: a son, she, and five daughters (Zosia, Wanda, Stasia, Maria, and she). The children studied at the Druj and Disen gymnasiums, and later at the higher educational institutions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During the war, the partisans of the Zhukov brigade looted the estate, seized all the grain, destroyed eight tractors and two threshing machines, as well as other equipment. The Mirsky family moved to live in their small house in Miory, and in 1944 left the family nest forever. The estate was initially used as the Miora district hospital, then there was the central office of the collective farm” Pravda”, club, kindergarten, eight-year-old, then elementary school, library. The collective farm failed to manage the estate, which was falling into disrepair every year. In 1991, an attempt was made to restore the estate and park complex” Kamen-Pole”, a restoration project was drawn up. But the financial situation of the farm has deteriorated significantly and the plans have not been implemented. During the tour, we pass the oils of the partially preserved park. We show interesting trees bent by the gardener Rachitsky, so that in the heat they keep the shade and coolness well played by the worldly and their guests. Despite the fatigue, we conduct a survey in the park of Kamianpol, we find several tiles without watering, which are still in good condition. On the way to Miora, I stop my travelers only for a minute to show them the former canal, where the Mirskys used to go by boat to the Miora Church.
“Pathfinder” D. Vasilenko
The surname Kanah is derived from Kan. In some dialects, this is what the turkey is called. It is likely that the founder of the genus somewhat resembled a bird in appearance or in character. Often turkeys were called proud, arrogant people. Or a person could breed a bird or sell it.
Kan is also a dialect variant of the word “Khan”. Translated from Ancient Turkish, it means “rule”.
The third option is from the name of Kan, short for Candide. In ancient Roman, it means “white, snow-white”.
“Holiday” of Z. Bunta “Miorskiye novosti” 8.08.2006
On the pre-war map in Kanakhi there were 39 yards. Now there are 45 of them, where about 90 people live.
In the late 40s, the collective farm “Slava”was organized on the territory of the villages of Kanakhi and Kartava.
By the end of the 80s, a poultry farm was operating in Kanakhi.
In 1986, there was a merger with the collective farm “For Peace”.
“Svyat” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 60 Tuesday, July 18, 2006
On Sunday, July 9, the holiday of the village of Katilovo was held.
By the way, 96 people live in Katilov today. It was noted that there have been no major changes in the village recently. It is nice that 12 people live in the village for children under 16.
“Tam, dze tvae karani” K. Rynkevich “Mierskiya naviny” No. 90 Tuesday, November 9, 2019
In the village of Katilovo, in the Novopogost village Council, you will not see the buildings of former manor houses, you will not step on the threshold of a church or church, you will not climb on a pile of boulders. There is nothing for a picky tourist to do here. And summer residents and locals like the place. Pleasant silence, lake scenery and to the district center, consider, close at hand.
Ermalenok V. A.
The distance from the district center is 8 km. Dubashinsky Yard is 5 km away. Previously, the village was also called Miory. From the XVI century until 1939, it belonged to the famous Klettov family. The estate was located on the shore of the beautiful Raven Lake. To our time, the remains of the park, the foundations of outbuildings have been preserved. With the help of the old residents, we were able to reconstruct the appearance of the estate. During the study of the archives, and then the area, we found numerous historical materials from the Klet family: photographs, documents, things that added to the funds. Here we begin the story of the Kletts, whose family owned, in addition to the Miory, still Snegi, Navoloka. In our work, we present material not only from the Kletovy Dvor, but also from other places on the route, the history of which is connected with this genus.
“People of the village” K. Rynkevich “Miorskiye novosti” No. 73 Tuesday, September 11, 2018
In the Zautyevsky village Council there is a village of Klimyaty. It’s a small one-street street. With well-kept houses, some of which have become dachas, with many garden trees and greenery. Quiet and cozy. Almost on the outskirts is the house of Olga Ivanovna Bahir. The mistress is in her ninety-sixth year.
“Where the maple tree makes noise” N. Stankevich “Miorskiye novosti” August 2017
And in the village of Kopylshchyna, life is distributed in the courtyards.
“Holiday” of Pankrat
Not so long ago, such a holiday was held in the village of Kopylshchyna of the Mikolevsky village Council. The village is small, with 12 courtyards and 30 inhabitants. It is located in a picturesque area of trees and gardens, attracts with its uniqueness.
The village has existed for more than 100 years, its name came from the name of Pan Kopylsky, who managed here.
“Holiday” K. Rynkevich ” Miorskiye novosti”
A small excursion into the past of the native Kopylshchyna was the story of the history teacher Raisa Shimukovich. People have settled in Kopylshchyna for a long time. There is an opinion that the name of the village comes from the former lord of these lands by the name of Kopylsky, who came here to a woman in primaki. From 1921 to 1939, the village was part of Poland.
“Rodny kut, yak you me mily!” L. Belaya “Mierskiya naviny” No. 67 Tuesday, August 21, 2012.
An excerpt from the poem “New Land” by Yakub Kolas began the holiday of the village of Koreniki.
“Selski turyzm” L.Matelenok “Mierskiya naviny” No. 92 2018.
On the farm of Kozelsky, which is behind the village of the Path to the UPKU “Yubileyny”, on the hill behind the lake Zaozertsy, the owners were just selling a house.
“Village Holiday” N. Baslak and V. Khrol “Miorskiye novosti” No. 78 27.09.2016
Now there are 27 residents in Kozlovtsy together with summer residents. Almost all the villagers came to the festival.
Looking for localities whose name is associated with the year of the Goat, on the way of my journey on the map of the Miorsky district , I came across the Farm Kozelki ,Kazakova, Kazyukova, Kozelsky and Kozly, where we went with fotokor on the eve of the New Year holidays. We reached it without difficulty, as there is a settlement along a gravel road, but it turned out to be among the “endangered” – more houses are empty.
“Svjata veski” p.Paperadzen “Mierskiya naviny” No. 74 Tuesday, September 15, 2015
The holiday of the village is an occasion to remind about the past, to tell about each resident, to present musical and song gifts to fellow villagers. And they were prepared for the residents of Krasny, in the Novopogostsky village Council, by the female vocal group of the Novgorod SDK and soloists Yevgeny Petkevich, Nastya Tolstova, Renata Romanova, Natalia Siva, and so on.
Ermalenok V. A.
The village welcomes us with the coolness of Lime and oak alleys. We examine the foundations of the former Fedorovich estate, and suddenly we notice that part of it is still preserved, it is a residential building. In the foundation we find a stone with the inscription 1898, so we specify the time of the last perestroika. On the site of the former chapel, only larch trees and a tombstone remain. When the estate housed a school after the war, it served as a step under the porch. Therefore, now we hardly study the erased Polish letters, the inscription and learn that Ferdinand Nevenglovsky is buried here. This is the owner of the estate, the father of Mikhalina Nevenglovskaya, who married Fyodorovich.
The estate in Krichev.
The village of Krichevo is also one of the oldest settlements in the district. For the first time it is mentioned in documents of the beginning of the XVI century. as the possession of the Zenovichi. In 1552, Peter Masalsky acquired Kritsovichi (as Kricheva was then called). Since 1586, the village passed to Michal Rudaminy, who had a coat of arms”Pipe”. But already in 1721, his son Alexander sold the land purchased by his father to Francis Nevenglovsky, who led the army of the Braslav district. The new owner came from the Masovian princes of the coat of arms” Hawk”, was married to the local princess Mirskaya. After that, the estate passed to the youngest son of Tadeusz, a hussar Cornet and a deputy in the Lithuanian tribunal in 1770. He married Bohumila Shavman. The two eldest sons of Tadeusz had no heirs, so Krichev went to the youngest Ferdinand, the chairman of the border court of Disna county. He was married to Anna Levandovskaya. Their son Ignatius inherited not only the estate, but also the position of chairman of the border court. From his marriage to Edvina Rudnitskaya, no sons were born, so Kricheva in the second half of the XIX century. passes into the possession of Fedorovich, the coat of arms “Adynets”, since the daughter of Mikhalin married Norbert Fedorovich. We can learn about the appearance of the buildings from the memoirs of Vladislav Mikel recorded in 1987 and from the photographs of the 30s preserved in the archives of Lithuania. The central part stood on a high stone foundation. The facade had a wide portico with two rows of columns and on both sides small verandas, which were also supported on columns. The walls of shalevany. The windows, doors, and columns are painted white. The roof is wide, four-pitched, covered with shingles. The house has a living room, three large living rooms, to the left a wide corridor with a winter garden divided the large and small salons, a guest room, a boudoir, a dining room and a buffet. Several small rooms were used for administration and household needs. Their walls are plastered, partially covered with wallpaper. The floor is parquet, the stoves are made of colored tiles, two fireplaces, one of them in the dining room, made of brick, plastered and painted white, the second in the boudoir, finished with plaster in the Rococo style. Until 1914, the estate has a lot of antiques and furniture. The bedroom and the boudoir are furnished with Rococo pieces made mainly by local craftsmen, while the other rooms are made of Empire — style mahogany, and the study has a Biedermeer (Austro — German style of the first half of the XIX century, similar to the Empire). There were things with ash, inlaid with black oak. There are many paintings on the walls, including beautiful copies of Italian artists of the XV-XVI centuries, including an image of the Italian artist Fra Domenico” Sybil”, a copy of Vincent Smakovsky’s painting”The first kiss”by the French artist K. Malener. Even three watercolors of the famous Frenchman Eugene Delacroix, a beautiful portrait of Norbert Fedorovich in his childhood by an unknown author. In the study there was a book collection of literature mainly on historical subjects of the XIX century, but there were also rare editions of previous centuries, old printed books. In the collections of our museums from the estate in Krichev, there is an edition in Polish of 1856,”One Thousand and One Nights”. A lot of products from the parcel. Among the most valuable items are an old French white breakfast set decorated with Bourbon lilies for white coffee, a Russian master Gardner set for black coffee for 12 persons, and an even more ancient, but unfurnished black English dinner set with flowers. A special fascination among collectors was caused by the purple Maslenitsa from the old Polish parcel in the form of a dove. The owners of the estate presented to the National Museum in Warsaw an old silver cup for two liters with the coat of arms of the Nevenglovskys. In the 30s, the Braslav Museum was presented with a Slutsk belt sewn with gold and silver threads. Visitors were interested in the French tapestry and the Turkish carpet. Some of the ancient things were brought to their new estate by the Nevenglovskys, people of high culture. Norbert Fedorovich collected a lot of them during his travels in Europe and Turkey.
What is the fate of these fees? The part is divided between the children. The library burned down in the hard times of 1917-1920. The remains were looted and destroyed in 1939. An interesting architectural monument of the estate was the barn of the XVIII century, built on a high foundation of stone, had wide stone steps, the entrance was decorated with six columns, the roof was covered with shingles. The building resembled a mysterious palace. Next to the estate there was a chapel-a masterpiece of wooden architecture. But when the tsarist authorities wanted to convert it into a church, on Edwina’s orders, the Nevenglov building was dismantled overnight. In its place there was a funerary family crypt. Now there are only large larch trees and the only tombstone of Nevenglovsky. The last owner of the estate, Vladislav Fedorovich, was taken to Siberia by the Soviet authorities in 1940. After the war, the estate housed first a school, then the building was dismantled and moved to Kontserovo, where a school was also created from it. Of the building itself, only the left wing remains, which is still used as a residential building. An interesting legend has been preserved about the treasure in the Krichevskaya estate. If at the beginning of the twentieth century. the locals moved the floor, then found a pot of gold coins under it. We decided not to give it to the master, but to divide it among ourselves. But after a while, one owner of the treasure became a drunkard and hanged himself after another drink. The second, having learned about such a death of his friend, was so frightened that he went to confession to the priest and confessed everything. The priest of the Miora church Borodich advised to give the gold for the purchase of floor tiles in the church, which was still under construction. Which he did, and therefore lived a long life. The estate in Krichev did not have a park, but there were flowerbeds, alleys for walking, lined with lime trees, hornbeam, oak trees, thickets of lilac blooming in spring rose beautifully above the picturesque ponds. We pass through the oak alley of the park, inspect the ponds, channels around the Alley, and conclude that a small improvement will give these places comfort and beauty, make these trails attractive for tourists.
“Svyat” T. Labanoyskaya “Mierskiya naviny” No. 75 Tuesday, September 18, 2012
In the morning, the weather did not contribute to the celebration, it was cool, drizzling rain, but the holiday can not be postponed. The village of Kryukovschina of the Novopogostsky village Council took root among the fields and clung to the forest on one side . Despite the threatening clouds , residents gathered for the celebration.
“Z minulaga nashyh vesak” a.Rynkevich “Mierskiya naviny”
The small village of Kublishina will surprise the visiting traveler with two features at once . One of them is the property of the spiritual heritage of the local residents, the second is the message of nature from ancient Scandinavia.
The Old Believer Holy Trinity Church in Kublishchyna was built in 1887. The building material was wood, so the shrine suffered from fires. Each time it was rebuilt thanks to the efforts and donations of the parishioners. The last fire damaged the church in 1999, after which it was restored again. The brick gate of the XIX century has been preserved.
“Svyata veski” E. Blazhevich “Mierskiya naviny” No. 50 2017
Every year, on the eve of Trinity, Kublishchyna comes to life. Former residents, their children and grandchildren come from afar to visit the cemetery on Saturday, and on Sunday to join the Christian celebration in the local Old Believer church. This year, the mood of the people was special, positive energy contributed to the sunny weather.
Krayaznaystva” AND.Nikolaev “Mierskiya naviny” No. 37 Tuesday, May 8, 2012
Not far from Yazno is the village of Kurilovichi. It has a long and interesting history.
“Sustrelisya dva pismy” f. Shimukovich “Mierskiya naviny” 2005 5.04
In Kurilovichi, the mill was set up where the river makes a sharp turn, enters the plain and flows into the large lake Yazno. The dam was built from stones that were brought from the surrounding fields. Its height is about three meters, 6 locks. The walls of the building are brick.
“Kurlandiki” L.Kosaty “Miorskiye novosti” No. 41 2008
There is such a village in the Zautyevsky Village Council. It is located near Papshuley. Once there were 16 huts, and now there are two left. This information was given to us by the senior resident Galina Konstantinovna Vorona.
– A farm on a hill, and a stream at the bottom, jump over it, and in 15 minutes the forest and moss will begin – the kingdom of cranberries and cranberries. The house I live in has been standing for 300 years. However, it is now truncated. Previously, the hut occupied 16 meters, there was an elementary school, where I also studied. Now everything has changed. Part of the building was taken away, used for other purposes.
I ask Galina Konstantinovna about the name of the village. Begins to reason. Apparently, the cranes are the reason for this.
“The kurls-kurls fly away in the autumn to warmer climes and say goodbye,” the hostess says.- In the spring they arrive-again from the height you hear the joyful “kurli-kurli”. And the person becomes more cheerful: winter has passed, survived, so there is an easier period ahead. Apparently, this “kurla” turned out to be Kurlyndia, and then the word changed to Kurlandiki.
“Lad zhytsya-savetsky” A. Smyk “Scyag pratsy”
Lebedeva is one of the 23 villages of the collective farm “Lepinsky Way”. From the gravel road, along which the ZILs and buses roll, the UAZ goes to a quiet country road. Its opal is spiked with tall rye, daisies and cornflowers bloom. The road runs up a low hill, from which the first houses of the village can be seen. Sheathed, with television antennas on the roofs, apple orchards. Their place is bordered by domed cherries, plums.
Now there are 19 yards in the village, slightly less than before. Lebedevo can not be called old, although it is not promising for the collective farm. The construction of life is being carried out in Zabolotye and Dedina ,where cultural, social and industrial facilities are also being built. For example, the new phenomenon repair shop is one of the best in the area.
“Pathfinder” by D. Vasilenko “Miorskiye novosti” No. 1, 2019
Leonpol was renamed in the 18th century. Then the town was owned by the Lopatinsky family. Its representatives built a beautiful palace, a wooden Uniate church, which later passed to the Orthodox, laid a park and a greenhouse. They raised a memorial column in honor of the first Constitution of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In memory of his father Levon Lopatinsky, the scribe of the INCL, Nikolai Tadeusz, renamed Churilovichi Leonpol. It sounds more statuesque.
“Leonpol-Saint Petersburg” L. Kosaty “Miorskiye novosti” No. 59 July 15, 2006
Now the village of Leonpol is a remote suburb of Miorshchyna, the region and the country. The border with Lithuania is located nearby. When you come to this locality, you always want to look for traces of history, which is manifested in many ways over the millennia of the village’s existence. This is said by local residents who are not indifferent to their small homeland, their native land.
The scribe of the INCL Nikolai Lopatinsky immortalized the name of his father Lyavon in the middle of the XVIII century in the name of the village. And before that, it was called Churilovichi, Lilki, probably something else. In different periods, Masal ,Sapieha, Mir, and Oginskiye were the masters of Leonpol.
There is a 12-meter memorial column by the road in honor of the Constitution of May 3, 1791, the Basic Law of the Republic of Belarus. It was built by the mint gentry. The inscription on the board indicates that the historical monument is protected by the state.
Now there are about 80 estates in Leonpol, more than 100 residents, most of whom are pensioners. There is a communication department, a store, a FAP, and a library. There are picturesque landscapes everywhere. Local historians, artists, and tourists come here. The peculiarity of Leonpol is that this place has become attractive for many Petersburgers. Every year they come here to rest, and some stay here for the winter.
“Miorshchyna-the land of blue lakes and count’s estates “L. Telesh” Local History Newspaper ” No. 28 (669), July 2017.
The small village of Leonpol is located on the picturesque left bank of the Dvina River. More than 1000 years ago, people settled, as evidenced by the ancient burial mounds located in the vicinity of the village. They are witnesses of those distant times when Vikings sailed through the Dvina River. The village is considered one of the oldest settlements on the territory of Belarus. On July 12, 2000, a memorial cross was erected in Leonpol, which in its shape resembles the cross of Euphrosyne of Polotsk, and consecrated by the priests of the local Orthodox and Catholic parishes after a joint procession of the two denominations.
The first documentary mention of the settlement dates back to 1506.
“Rodny kray” f. Shimukovich “Mierskiya naviny” No. 4 Tuesday, January 11, 2005
The corner is unique in that it has a wonderful nature. Our ancestors about 150 years ago uprooted the forest, formed a settlement adjacent to the Yelnya balot. In ancient times, there were even bears in this corner, there were many other animals and birds.
“Lonka” f.Shymukovich “Krayaznayskaya gazeta” No. 17 (226), May 2008.
In the valley of the Western Dvina, on the left bank, parallel to the river flowed a small river, more like a stream-Lonka. At one point, it turns sharply to the right and heads into the Western Dvina. The valley itself is of a low-lying type and in the spring flood is flooded with water, forming a continuous water space.
On the very bank of the Dvina hill, which is not flooded with water and on which the estate of the lords of Lonka was located. When the Lonka cuts through this suspension, it forms a picturesque landscape, as if you find yourself in some fabulous place of a mountain country. It was on this high ground that we found the place where the manor buildings had once stood.There are also a few old apple trees left. Everything is overgrown with bushes, but according to all the signs here was once a beautiful farm.
Behind the half-verst is a burial ground, where we found with difficulty the grave of one of the lords of Lonka, the adjutant General of His Imperial Majesty Frolov.
Lonka is located two kilometers from Disna. It was once a large estate. Lonka is still called a significant area, including 13 small villages, most of which have already disappeared. The largest village is Manyakovo. All these villages in the serf times belonged to the Manets Panam, and now they are part of the INCL “Titovo” with the center in the village of Tsvetino.
Since ancient times, Lonka belonged to the bishops of Polotsk. This was confirmed by Stefan Bathory in his letter of 21 May 1586, and then by Vladislav I in 1644.
The last owner of the Lonka was Ilya Frolov’s daughter Princess Odoevskaya-Maslova.
Now all that’s left is the place and the name…
“Lyuba, horasha y Lyubinove” by M. Lechitskaya
The holiday of the village of Lyubinovo was held on its outskirts in the estate of local residents of Karnitsky. As the hosts of the program Miroslav Tsitsina and Tatiana Kachan told, in 1789 it was on this place that the wealthy Pan Klot settled. There is also information that for some time Pan Shalkevich was in charge of the town. And in 1930, the brothers Stas and Anton Karnitsky bought this estate from him. Now Cheslav Petrovich lives here. Both of them are veterans of labor, who worked all their lives in the collective farm “October”.Teresa Antonovna is the senior resident of the village. At the festival, she was given a gift.
Lyubinovo is the largest village in the collective farm-36 yards, where 120 people live, including 31 children under the age of 15.
“Gamonish you, krynichanka” L. Kozlovskaya “Mierskiya naviny” 8.03.2008
It seems that the village of Maloe Dedino is not particularly noticeable. But look closely, and you will see the great natural beauty of the local area: on the one hand, from the village of Buyanovo to Perebrodya and beyond, a swamp lives its life, rich in various plants, even rare ones, and berries; on the other-hills where oaks, birches, pines and firs grow-a forest that has become a refuge for wild boars, elk, roe deer and a place for hunting.
None of the locals knows exactly when the spring appeared on this place, but the legend of its origin is passed down from generation to generation. Local resident Jozefa Pavlovna Baran heard a story from her grandfathers that there was a small church here, but a miracle happened – it fell into the ground, and in its place a spring flowed, the water from which people used as medicinal. And now it is useful, especially in dry years, when the wells near the houses become shallow and the water in them becomes muddy. Then the villagers go with huge containers.
E. Blazhevich “Na svyatse veski-shanounyya gosci” “Mierskiya naviny” 2007.
Dmitry Vasilenko “Nama gavoryts sama za syabe” “Mierskiya naviny”
Z.Pirog, “Veska May, dazvol paklanitsa…” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 78, September 27, 2005.
Raisa Sharkovich (Mint) “Sustracha u Metlakh”” Mierskiya naviny ” No. 70 SATURDAY, September 1, 2018.
“Pa tsikhikh vulachkakh pakrochym u minulae” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 61 Tuesday, July 31, 2018.
Z. Kadushka “Muzyka nad Metlami”” Mierskiya naviny”
Ermalenok V. A. Manor in Mezhdurechye.
The settlement of Mezhdurechye was first mentioned in documents in the XV century. However, it was then called Dubrovka, it belonged to the famous Sapieha family. It was from them that Bogdan Volosovsky acquired the property in the XVI century. Since then, Dubrovka I began to be called Mesopotamia. The owner named the second folwark bought in his honor Bogdanov. His possessions were inherited by his son Ignatius, who was married to Brigida of Mir. Since they had no children, the estates passed to Ignat Volosovsky’s sister Constance, who married Tomas Mirsky. Also, the legacy was passed on to the second sister Kazimira, the wife of Alexander Lopatinsky, and Chemeri and Mezhdurechye went to Mirsky.
In 1852, the Mezhdurechye was inherited by Viktor Mirsky. After his death in 1892, five daughters took over the house. One of them, Jadwiga, married Vaclav Askerka, paid her sisters the bill of the estate and became the absolute owner of Mezhdurechye, by the way, the last. Her husband died in 1905, and she died in 1940. Her son Olgerd Askerko was a member of the Braslav county Committee of three elections, was a good owner, especially liked to raise horses. According to the memoirs of the Braslav headman Zelislav Yanushkevich, he always took care of the development of horse breeding in the county.
The old manor house in Mezhdurechye is built of old oak. It was located on a picturesque slope, around which the Vyata River flowed like a shiny ribbon. The building was built and improved for almost two and a half centuries. Its first floor was completed at the end of the XVI century, the second and other buildings were completed at the end of the XIX century. The lower floor is stone and stuccoed. In front of the entrance, which is on the river side, at a considerable distance from each other, stood two columns carved out of stone. They probably used to hold the roof up. And with the completion of the second floor, they began to support the risalit.
The material for the second floor was oak logs. With its construction, the main entrance was moved to the opposite side. On the risalit is a gallery of small columns, covered with boards. On the river side, but at the same height, there was a loggia. The roof is high, under shingles. Two large chimneys ran through all the floors. Downstairs there is a kitchen, a bakery, a cellar, and utility rooms. Upstairs, the dining room is 8 by 5 m, the salon is 7 by 5 m. There are three rooms on both sides of the corridor. The loggia has two more rooms. The entrance hall is decorated with natural wood. The windows were made as if from two parts: the lower one was rectangular, the upper one resembled a semicircular stained glass window.
In ancient times, the rooms were covered with fabric, in the interwar period they were covered with wallpaper. Interesting were the large tiles with bronze, white, yellow tiles of the XVIII-XIX centuries, decorated with ornaments. The floor is made of parquet in various patterns. Magnificent Blacksmithing work was determined by the iron latches in the doors, such as can not be found anywhere else. One of the rooms was called Masonic, because Tomas Mirsky, the former owner of the estate, was a member of the Vilna Masonic Lodge, and his brother-in-law Konstantin Volosovsky was also considered a Freemason. Tomasz Mirski himself is a general, one of the leaders of the Vilna government during the uprising of Tadeusz Kosciuszko.
The rooms have a lot of antique furniture, partly made by local craftsmen, items brought from Italy. A document of the beginning of the XIX century has been preserved, which confirmed the payment of 100 ducats for paintings by European artists. Some of the valuables were divided at the end of the XIX century, some of them were taken to Leonpol during the revolution, where they died in the fire of the Lopatinsky Palace.
Especially sorry for the rich archive, where there were even royal letters and privileges to the owners of Mezhdurechye, letters of the XVIII-XVIII centuries., newspapers from the time of the uprising of T. Kosciusko. All this disappeared during the war and after the war.
Near the house, to the right, there was another building-a lamus, probably also of the XVIII century. Like the house, it was two stories high. In the Lower, stone, there was a refrigerator, a basement, and in the upper, wooden, there was a composition for drying cheeses. This building is also a covered gontai, there were traces of a gallery that surrounded the lamus at the height of the half-top.
There were large lawns in front of the house. The road from the river is lined with ornamental bushes. A kilometer-long avenue of Nadvislyan poplars led to the estate itself. Pyramidal poplars and old chestnuts decorated the entrance very beautifully. To the left of the house was a lilac-covered garden. The road between the house and the garden led to the river, near it a park for walking with numerous paths, alleys with ornamental bushes, silver and balsamic poplars, and cherry trees. From here there is a picturesque path to the valley of ancient oaks and linden trees. Despite the destruction of the estate, its distinctive ruins are very admired by tourists. Some of the trees still remain from the majestic alleys. Quickly visit the village cemetery in Stashuli with the tombstones of the owners of the estate Mezhdurechye.
Frantz Sivko, “Krynica pamyatsi-Mizhrachcha” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 85 Tuesday, October 22, 2019.
G. Berezovskaya ” Zhyvi, veska!”Mierskiya Naviny”, September 5, 2006.
Olga Vishnevskaya “Kashtoyny brylyant”” Mierskiya naviny ” No. 39 SATURDAY, May 14, 2016.
Branislav Moroz “Mierki-2 (Dvarok)” “Mierskiya naviny”, March 25, 2004.
Deryabin, “Mioram-500” “Is this the award-winning estate of the king?”Mierskiya naviny” No. 12 SUBOTA, 9 lyutaga 2013.
Branislav Moroz “The Legend of pra Miera”” Mierskiya naviny ” No. 97,2006
Method Sergeyev “Zemleyladanni u Mierskay gmine”” Mierskiya naviny”
With.Vasiliev “Z gistory Mier” “Mierskiya naviny”, 01.04.2011
Dmitry Vasilenko “Vesku namali pa prozvishchy” “Mierskiya naviny”
Leonid Matelenok, “Motseyki malyya, dy daragiya sertsu” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 53 Tuesday, July 2, 2013.
Ludovik Azheysky, “Familii na Miershchyn” “Mierskiya naviny”, 2018.
Ermalenok V. A.
The center of the village council. The distance from Miory on the highway is 18 km, 6 km from the Old Churchyard. The most famous monastery on our route. Judging by the name, the appearance of the settlement dates back to the X century, when the churchyard was called the place where the prince was given tribute by people dependent on him. In the churchyards, the estates of the princely Tiuns were built, who were responsible for collecting tribute. The settlement is called the New Churchyard, so it is clear that the older Old Churchyard, which we first saw on our route. The New Churchyard was first mentioned in 1498. as the possession of Jan Sapieha. The privilege, in particular, says: “Ivashko Sapezhich was granted the property of a Churchyard in the Braslavsky district.This fiefdom contained 12 inhabitants-tributaries, honey booths, marten gongs, 18 wastelands, lakes and everything that had long belonged to the churchyard. In 1506, the privilege was confirmed. In 1500. “Ten services were given by King Alexander to Yuri Klot” ” In 1517. Pavel Sapieha allocates the Pogost estate from his possessions to the widow of John Sapieha, and in 1554 it was owned by a. Pronsky and his wife Anna Sapezhenko, and also E. Komaevsky and his wife K. Glebovichenka manage the part. In 1556. Princess Anna Pronskaya transfers to her husband A. G. Pronsky by will the third part of the pogost possessions. In 1566, King Sigismund Augustus granted the privilege of the court and property belonging to the Pogostskaya Nicholas Sinyavsky, the Russian voivode. In the post of the troops of the INCL 1567, he was required to prepare nine horses. And from the second part V. Nikitinich prepared one horse. Since 1592, the estate, the town is owned by the famous Lev Sapega, who in 1593 donated money for the construction of the church in the name of the Holy Trinity. In 1596, King Sigismund III approved this privilege. In addition, since the beginning of the XVI century. in the New Churchyard there was an Orthodox church, for a short time, at the will of the owners of the estate, it acted as a Calvinist gathering. In 1600, part of the pogost possessions was bought by Yuri Galenishche, but in 1614, from his widow Vasilisa from Doroshevsky, Lev Sapega acquired another part of the pogost possessions. The first church was burned during the war with the Moscow state in 1654, but two years later a new one appears. The church was restored in 1857. In 1711, part of the land belongs to Stanislav Benetsky. From Sapieha, the pogost lands passed to Ignatius Buzhinsky, the castellan of Smolensk, then as a marriage gift to the Grodno podkomorogo Francis Yundil. In 1818, the pogost possessions were divided into parts. The last owners were Konoplyanskiye. In 1864, in the parish of Novy Pogost lived 1441 free peasants, 318 state peasants, five odnodvorets, 11 Great Russian osadniki, 96 soldiers who served, 50 residents of the yard and landless-a total of 1921 souls. In the Newest Churchyard in 1859 there were 32 houses, 199 inhabitants, and in 1886 in the town there were 52 houses, 409 inhabitants. There was a volost school, where 56 children (54 boys, two girls) were engaged. In 1889-1900, Nikolai Krivosheya taught here. The government allocated 200 rubles for the maintenance of the school, and the parish collected 23 rubles. At the beginning of the XX century, the town became the center of the parish, there was a volos board, a public school, a post office, a pharmacy, and several shops. There was also a hospital, an operating room. There was also a so — called “store” – a storage for grain, which gave debts to the peasants in case of crop failure. In 1904, the town had 524 inhabitants. In November 1917. Soviet power was established, and a Military Revolutionary Committee headed by the Bolshevik Joseph Ivanovich Kukut from Novgorod was elected. The committee consists of Vaclav Malyavko from Pilaty, Julian Malyavko. But the Soviet power was short-lived. In 1921, the new churchyard, like the whole of Western Belarus, became part of the Second Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. During the interwar period, the town became the center of the gmina of Braslav County. Fairs were held every Thursday. In the New Churchyard there were many Jews who opened their own shops. Compared to the beginning of the XX century, their number has increased. Haberdashery products were sold by m. Feigin, H. Libin, M. Rabinovich, E. Samovich, H. Sosnovik, A. Monsky, various goods were sold by V. Palchevsky, food products-D. Avrokh, S. Fenster, E. Dyer, E. Vasyuchenok, Sh. Zakharov, S. Zef, Stanislav Tukai kept a tobacco shop,R. Biddyuga sold alcohol. In the town there are three eateries, the Gidelkait bakery, the L. Gamma brewery, the shops of the cooperative “Prziatsel”, as well as the agricultural equipment “Rolnik”. Trade expanded after the opening of the Druya-Voropaevo railway in the 30s. The mill was built on two gas-generating units, it was held by I. Mickiewicz. They not only ground grain there, but also lit up several streets. In the Churchyard there was a Tannery-a small enterprise for processing hides. There worked individual entrepreneurs-Tatars S. Asanovich, A. Gembitsky. There was a windmill, which was owned by M.Locotko. The hospital building was occupied by the administration of the gmina, but there was a reception room where doctors received Ch. Volonsky, A. Smigelsky, paramedic Z. Muravsky, midwife A. Kasevich. The private doctor Zelieber was famous all over the district, he even owned his own X-ray machine. The pharmacy was kept by I. Katz. Stanislav Konoplyansky, a veterinarian, also worked in the town. There were also masters in the New Churchyard-A. Magalinsky, E. Sedyukovich, Gilinsky forged. The tailors of X were famous all over the surrounding area. Hidkel, I. Nomkin, I. Pides, shoemakers Z. Fagin, A. Rutstein, locksmith M. Kagan, watch repairman I. Gamus. Flax was sold by A. Libin, H. Sosnovik. Given the large number of wooden buildings, the fire department was created. In total, during the interwar period, the town had 123 houses, 776 inhabitants. In 1922, the Belarusian school, founded by Bronislaw Turonok, was replaced by a Polish-language four-year school, which later grew into a seven-year school. Its first director was Zofia Skukovskaya, taught by Michalina Zombzhitskaya, Yanina Khatkevich, Anna Shafranskaya, Stefan Jeussky. There was a fire station in the village, but it didn’t save the village. There was a “society of village youth”, which even had its own premises. During the Great Patriotic War, a fascist garrison was located in the New Churchyard. A Belarusian-language school was opened, where the outstanding figure of the national liberation movement Avgen Anisko worked. But in 1943, during the sabotage of the partisans, the school was burned down and classes stopped. The partisans also destroyed the hospital and the mill. In the town there was a secret site of the Regional Army consisting of Priest Jozef Ingelevich, organist Stanislav Kurlovich, and christian Jan Kurlovich. The New Pogost was liberated on July 2, 1944 by the 423rd Rifle Regiment led by Commander F. N. Bezhenkov, the 166th Division under the command of Major General A. Svetlyakov. During the movement in the direction of the town, a heroic feat was performed by Senior Sergeant Maxim Krylov. To ensure the advance of his friends, he threw himself under a self-propelled gun with a bunch of grenades and was killed, thereby repulsing the enemy’s counterattack. Posthumously presented to the award of the Order of Lenin. By order of the commander of the first Baltic Front, he was posthumously awarded the Order of the Patriotic War and the degree. On the fronts of the war, 13 residents of the town were killed. From 1945 to this day, the New Churchyard is the center of the village council. Since 1947, the hospital has been operating. From September 1944, an elementary school began to operate, then a seven-year school, the first graduation of which took place in 1948.Since 1951, the school has been transformed into a secondary school. In 1948. The collective farm “New Way” was formed, then “Dawn”, a communication department, a veterinary outpatient clinic, a forestry department, a paramilitary fire protection station, and a kindergarten were opened. In the 80s of the XX century. a man-made lake appeared near the Churchyard. In 1998, the 500th anniversary of the first mention of the village in the documents was solemnly celebrated. At that time, there were 583 inhabitants. In the XXI century, the rapid decline of the former town began, the number of students in the school is decreasing. Now the village has only 268 inhabitants.
Taisiya Labanovskaya, “Paspyavali razam, pagukali” Mierskiya naviny, September 5, 2006.
Sergey Rykun, “Muraysky les”, Mierskiya naviny, 2009.
“Imya horu”, Mierskiya naviny No. 96 Tuesday, December 2, 2014.
Alexander Rynkevich “Pra shto shumits Mikalaeysky park” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 90 Tuesday, November 11, 2014.
Participants of the circle “Geographers-krayaznaytsy” Mikalaeva “Mierskiya naviny”
R. Szymukowicz “Vedac mesca, dze žyvesz” “Mierskija naviny”
Z.Kadushka, “Svyata rodnykh lyudzey-zemlyakoy”, Mierskiya naviny 2010.
ERMALENOK V. A.
The distance of this settlement from Kublishchina is 4 km to the east on the road to Belevtsev. It was first mentioned in 1566 under the name of Bolshoy and Maly Novgorod. During the survey of these places in the 80s of the XX century. kruzhkovtsy came to the conclusion that the settlement was founded by the captive inhabitants of Novgorod, who were imprisoned in the campaign of Vseslav the Sorcerer in 1065 on this city. The hypothesis is based on:
In the name of the village of Novgorod itself-in ancient times, Novgorod. Nearby is the village of Kolonitsa. Back in the XIX century. it was called Kolodnitsa. Most likely, there was a physically stronger part of the prisoners who were chained in the stocks. Not far away is the area of the guards, there were soldiers from Polotsk, who guarded the prisoners. The presence of Polochans is indicated by the name of the forest river Dvina.
“Argonauts” found fragments of ceramics, jewelry of the XI-XII centuries, which can be attributed to the Ilmen Slovenes.
The prisoners were located relatively close to Polotsk, but the large swamp did not allow them to escape, so many guards were not needed.
Nadezhda Dryla, “Ab maei malochkai Radzime” “Mierskiya naviny”
Svetlana Poperpeden, “Stages of stalennya” “Mierskiya naviny”
“History of villages” and “Holiday”, F.Shimukovich, “Miorskiye naviny” No. 70 Saturday, September 1, 2012.
Жыццё бурліла тут, вядома.
Бібліятэка, клуб, кантора,
Ды і сярэдняя шчэ школа.
Адсюль спяшаліся да крамы,
Мыжчыны, дзеці, нашы мамы.
Як быццам, з даўнішніх вякоў
Калгасам правіў Шчарбакоў.
Народ быў вельмі працавіты,
А вёска ўходжана, абжыта.
Было тут безліч жыхароў,
Дастойных самых лепшых слоў.
Яленскія і Васілёнкі,
Акуні, Талапілы, Стальмачонкі,
Мішута, Струй, яшчэ Сяліцкі,
Макарскія, Лебедзеў Віцька,
Кісель, Аляксей Федарэц,
Казёл – пясчік вельмі патрэбны,
Старэйшына вёскі Ганебы,
Аграном калгаса Краснякоў,
Добрых шмат кабет і мужыкоў.
На жаль, вёска шпарка вымірае,
Ніхто ўжо лепшай долі не чакае.
Што ні двор – усе пенсіянеры.
У росквіт тут няма ніякай веры.
Працягнем нашы думкі-мары
Пра Ліпацына, Пашкова і разгары.
Са слоў старэйшых жыхароў,
Было больш сарака двароў.
Шумеў калісьці гай лістовы,
Тут працавалі адмыслова.
At one time, Okunevo was the center of the Zaslonov collective farm. The village had a secondary school with more than 200 students. There was also a club, a library, a shop, an office of the farm board, and a veterinary station. People from neighboring villages, given the prospects, tried to move here. But in the early 70s, the consolidation of collective farms began. Ours was attached to the “Path to Communism”. All the equipment was taken to Sitkovo, followed by the machine operators and their families. Many went beyond the sections of the collective farm and even the district. Okunevo began to empty. Today, 16 pensioners, 20 people of working age and 16 children remain in the village. The oldest resident – 82-year-old Viktor Ivanovich Lebedev, at the festival celebrated his hard work, sociability and economy.
“Rodny kut, how nice you are to me!”, L.Belaya. “Miorskiye naviny” No. 67 Tuesday, August 21, 2012.
Oleiniki farm. Once there was a village with several yards, now there is only one house.
Katerina Rynkevich, “U Ortsa z muzychny pryvitannyami”, Mierskiya naviny No. 70 SATURDAY, September 1, 2018.
Olga Saulenko, “Ortsy” Mierskiya naviny
Eliza Blazhevich, “U pazalotse pyatsivekavoga yubileyu”, Mierskiya naviny No. 57 Tuesday, July 16, 2013.
Katerina Rynkevich, “Parade asennikh farbay u Paradnyakh” “Mierskiya naviny ” No. 85 Tuesday, October 23, 2018.
I. Stoma ” Holy niby kazka!” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 76 SATURDAY, September 22, 2012.
Katerina Rynkiewicz, “Pryvabnasc veski stvarajuc jae zhyhary”, Mierskiya naviny No. 101 Tuesday, December 18, 2018
Valery Blazhevich, “Milae sertsu myastechka”, Mierskiya naviny No. 70 SATURDAY, September 1, 2018
A. Filipenok “For good people” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 74 SATURDAY, September 15, 2011.
ERMALENOK V. A. FROM THE HISTORY OF THE VILLAGE OF PEREBRODYE
The village of Perebrodye originated on the channel near the ford, connecting the lakes of Obsterna and Nabista, and is surrounded by lakes on almost all sides. Archaeological research suggests that man settled in these places in the Mesolithic-8 thousand years ago. In the vicinity of Perebrodya, various tools of primitive man are now found. Of great interest are the stones with human footprints, hooves and mysterious inscriptions. Scientists believe that this is connected with the performance of rites by ancient people. The latter believe that these are the boundary signs of the tribes. The settlement of these places by the Slavs is evidenced not only by the name of the village, but also by the finds of numerous artifacts of the X-XIII centuries: bracelets, rattles, a grasshopper amulet. The presence of burial mounds here was confirmed by local historians of the XIX century.
In historical documents, Perebrodje is first mentioned in the Privilege of the King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Sigismund II August of June 25, 1571. It says that for the help of the army in crossing the ford, local fishermen are granted the Magdeburg right and the privilege of land within 10 km to the south and the same to the north. Thanks to the privilege, the inhabitants of Perebrodya were freed from the oppression of the feudal lords. They were allowed to develop trade and engage in handicrafts. In 1623, there are three houses on the market and seven on the street. So, there were no more than 100 people. But the village never grew into a real city. It is difficult to count how many times the Swedish, Polish, French and Russian armies have marched here, and how many times the perebrodivshim had to start all over again. Nevertheless, the fermentation played a certain role during the XVIII-XVIII centuries in the trade relations of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It is no coincidence that it is marked on the geographical maps of Radziwill in 1613. In 1782, at the expense of the owner of the Perebrodsky parish, Yuri Kossakovsky, a new uniate wooden St. George’s Church was built. Interestingly, there was a school under her, where 38 children studied, five of them girls. Although in the neighboring cities of Miory and Novy Pogost there were no schools or those who wanted to teach children. In 1792, the king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Stanislaw August, issued a new perebrodivshiy priviley: “the burghers of Perebrodya should develop their city (city), which has a good view, and in time can become a large and spacious city and thereby increase the income of the nobility (state). I allow you to choose a burmister, a voit, a councilor, a shopkeeper, to build shops, a tavern, a brick factory, to engage in craft. I approve the coat of arms of Perebrod: the flag is flown over three towers rising above the stone brick walls. Around the inscription: “flag of freedom and unity”. At the time of the issuance of the right of municipal self-government in Perebrod, there are just over 160 residents and 23 houses with one visiting tavern. The privilege of 1792 actually became an epitaph over the failed dream of a city in the beautiful Lake District. The decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth led to its division. Perebrodye became part of Russia. Catherine II abolished the Magdeburg law. But this can not negate the aspirations of the residents of the town to a free life. It is no coincidence that one of the Russian officials wrote: “Perebrodtsy-people are free, obstinate and unaccustomed to submission.” This is probably why the tsarist Senate first approved the basic rights of Perebrod by decrees of May 17, 1820 and June 17, 1823, but soon all the liberties of the inhabitants of the town were abolished by the tsarist authorities.
We know the document of 1860, which we found in the historical archive of St. Petersburg. It contains a list of residents of Perebrodya, demanding the return of the town of liberties. But even this request did not bring results. On May 10, 1794, during the uprising of Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Russian troops led by Major Stefapula moved through Perebrodje, which on the second day dealt with the rebels of Braslav and burned the city. In June, the Russian troops of General Tolstoy, later Major-General Herman, were again marching. The town suffered during the war of 1812. On June 23, the first army under the command of Barclay de Tolly retreated through Perebrodye. The headquarters of the Russian Emperor Alexander I, who signed two orders here, was located. The main troops of the French Marshal Murat also passed through the town.
A great protest was made by the residents of Perebrodya during the liquidation of the Uniate Church in 1839. They stubbornly resisted the transition to Orthodoxy for several years. At that time, there were 38 houses in Perebrodye, 294 inhabitants, and already in 1866 up to 66 houses and 348 inhabitants. In 1858, one of the first public schools in the Mior region was opened. In 1873, an interesting description of Perebrodskaya volost was left by the teacher Pavel Litvinovsky. From his notes we learn that the inhabitants of the town were engaged in a lot of trade, selling grain to Jewish dealers in Druya, flax was sold to Riga, apples were delivered to Riga, Dinaburg, St. Petersburg, Vilnius. Fishing was still an important occupation of the Perebrodtsy. Caught with seines and buchami. There are 10 permanent fishermen and 30 assistants per seine. The fish at that time is the same as now: pike, bream, perch, roach, snits, etc. In winter, it was sold even in St. Petersburg. The fermented stuff burned more than once. In 1900, it was destroyed along with the church of the XVIII century. But, like the Phoenix bird, it was rebuilt in a short time. Many fellow countrymen died in the First World War. In 1929, the president of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Mastitsky passed through Perebrodye, the residents met him with bread and salt, and built a special gate. The Perebrodsky church choir sincerely greeted them with songs. In the interwar period, the town was the center of the gmina, in 1929 there were 378 inhabitants. There were savings and cooperative cash registers, agricultural and dairy processing cooperatives, and a semi-technical school. A variety of shops worked: consumer goods were sold by Ya. Genus. E. Chapulovich, many were sold by E. Chepulenok. The brewery was run by H. Ganush. At this time, he worked as a shoemaker P. Afanasyev, Kravets-M. Khodkel, blacksmith-E. Ivanov, locksmith-E. Yunevich, the baker-E. Kiselevsky. They organized fishing on the local lakes Sh. Bark, S. Kagan. With the annexation of Perebrodya to the BSSR, cultural life began to form in the town. The hut-reading room is recognized as a model in the whole of Western Belarus. There are comfortable furniture, musical instruments, stands for exhibitions, tables for games. Four photovitrins reflect the achievements in agriculture, collective farm construction, industry and transport. Reports, lectures were read, primers and conversations were held. The drama club staged several plays, and amateur art groups performed in nearby collective farms. A wall newspaper was published monthly. There were circles for the elimination of illiteracy, the preparation of standards of GSO and PVHO, etc.
During the Great Patriotic War, the village burned again and again its inhabitants fought with the enemy. During the campaign, we bow our heads at the monument, honoring the memory of 53 fellow countrymen who died in the battles with the fascist. Now the village is still the center of the village council, but the population is rapidly decreasing, and the school was closed in 2016. Thanks to the former chairman of the village council, and now the owner of the agro-estate, Galina Pavlovskaya, the village hosts the ethnofestival “Perebrodskaya Zvezda”every summer.
The church in the name of the Holy Great Martyr George the Victorious was built in 1904-1911 after the fire of the village, when the shrine of the XVIII century burned down. A typical wooden church of the retrospective Russian style. The main part of the volume is a two-tier tower-bell tower chetverik on chetverik. Above the sacristy is a small tower. The roof is gable. Sheathed and painted in green and blue. Long, rectangular in plan narthex-narthex, the transverse volume of the prayer hall. The side facades are cut through with rectangular windows. Five-sided apse with side sacristy. The middle section is completed with an octagonal drum with a bulbous head. In the narthex is a Uniate wooden crucifix of the XVIII century from the church in Navolok. The church was closed in the 50-80s of the XX century and converted into a club. The towers are dismantled. In 1991, the shrine was restored, it was given its original appearance. The church is dominated by icons of the late XIX-XX centuries: “The Apostles Peter and Paul”, “Saint Paraskeva” From the Uniate Church, the crucifixion of Christ survived, the monument of folk sculpture of the XVIII century
THE CHURCH OF THE SACRED HEART OF JESUS.
Built in 1931 from wood. The temple is rectangular in shape, sheathed. A typical momnik of the so-called “Zakopan ” style. The gable roof is decorated with a bell tower. After the war, the church was closed and used as a collective farm mill granary, the bell tower was dismantled. At the end of the twentieth century, it was returned to the faithful, painted, the tower was rebuilt, the roof was covered with metal tiles. In 2005, it was consecrated again.
L. Alexandrov, “Svyatkavali Pestuny”, “Mierskiya naviny” No. 70 Tuesday, August 31, 2002.
The estate of Ponizovo is mentioned many times in the Lithuanian metric of the first half of the XVI century.In connection with the frequent attacks on it by the Crusaders. So, for the first time in 1512, the attacking contour of the Nevginsky Rudy (contour — the head of the administrative district of the Germans, in this case—Dinaburgsky) took from his cage a white cloth of 100 cubits (elbow — a measure of length about 70 cm), five sermyag, three shrouds, seven sickles, three axes, four scythes, four tablecloths, 5 kop penyaz (penyaz — a penny, kapa — 60 pennies), four horses, five cows, two oxen, 30 pigs, six sheep, 12 goats. The next time, attacking the yard of Yurgel and his brother Nikolai, the robbers took the entire herd, namely 50 oxen, 70 cows, eight calves, 40 sheep, 16 horses, 30 goats, as well as 15 shirts, 17 namitok (women’s headdress), four shrouds, three sermyagi, 100 cubits of linen, 16 scythes, two axes, two white torlops (women’s upper clothing), two lunsky cloth (Lunsky cloth — English cloth) and 40 kopeks penyazev took money. For the third time, attacking their yard in one year, the Germans took five horses, two oxen, 40 men’s and 60 women’s shirts, four cubes with white linen, 50 namits and 30 towels, 80 tablecloths, 50 cubits of white linen, six sheepskin coats, seven sermyags, two women’s dresses made of Cambar cloth (a thin transparent fabric made of cotton or linen, made in the French city of Cambrai), 10 sickles, four braids, 30 kopecks of money, and their father Stanka was killed to death.
In the same year, the Ore contour once again attacked the Ponizovo estate, took all the herd, in addition, the Germans took 15 sickles, three cash registers, 60 barrels of rye were poured out of crates in the yard (a measure of bulk substances, 406.5 liters), 60 carts of hay were burned in Pune, and in the end, the estate itself was burned.
From another complaint of Prince Yuri Masalsky, it is known that the German robbers, led by Winkel Ganusovich, attacked the estate of Prince Ponizov, took penyazey ready 5 kopecks of money (for them you could buy a horse), two horses with saddles, two Dolman Lunsky (English short Men’s raincoats with sleeves), two zhupitsy Lunsky (English vests), and from the cage they took 70 barrels of rye and spring seed 100 barrels, two oxen, six cows, 12 goats, 30 sheep; this happened seven years ago, so the attack took place in 1535.
In the following complaint of Yuri Timofeevich Masalsky, it is said that the German knight Winkel Ganusovich from Dinaburg (now Daugavpils) with the help of the contour of the Dinaburg Willim attacked the estate of Prince Ponizov and did a lot of damage, hit his people. First, the robbers attacked the house of Prince Yurgel’s servant and the house of his son-in-law Saveyko. They were tortured, and from the house they took six sermyags, six sheepskin coats, two cubes (chests) with a white dress, 15 shirts, ready-made pennies, 7 kopecks of money, and also seized eight horses, six oxen, tore 35 families of bees from the hives, in addition, killed seven people. The document shows that this happened five years ago, so in 1537.In the same year, the same Winkel attacked the house of another princely man named Mnusha with the help of the Willim contour, took away the entire herd, 12 sermyag, eight sheepskin coats, four rushnitsy (hand firearms, squeaker), six cloth (dresses) for women and lunsky (English), and in the barn burned 12 barrels of rye, 100 barrels of oats, barley 40 barrels, wheat 12 barrels, peas five barrels, penyazey took 35 kopecks of money, 32 horses, six oxen, 17 cows, 40 sheep, 80 pigs, 50 geese, tore out 100 hives of bees. In addition, the Livonians burned 100 kopecks of rye, other grain, namely wheat, oats, barley, buckwheat, and 303 sheaves of sheaves in the threshing floor. So, from the documents we have found, we are once again convinced that even after the famous Battle of Grunwald in 1410, the predatory raids of the Crusaders on our lands continued.
The Ponizovo estate is also mentioned in the “Polotsk revision of 1552”, in particular, it says that the village of Ponizovo belonged to the castle of Prince Yuri Masalsky’s Druya. At that time, there were eight Dyms of dependent peasants and 16 Dyms of free people. All of them went to the corvee once a week, and from the land they owned, they gave the prince a quarter of the grain. Thus, we can roughly calculate that in Ponizovo in the XVI century.about 160 people. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there was an estate of Korzhenevsky. There were 11 males and nine females. In 1931. here is the estate of Vincent Yasinsky, and the number of residents has grown to 52 people. Now there is only one house left from the settlement, which is used as a dacha. Our study of the features of its construction showed that this building was partially preserved from the manor house. Exploration in the garden brought us the first discovery. In addition to ceramics and tiles of the XVI-XIX centuries, we found several stucco pieces of pottery, which indicates the existence of a settlement here of the Iron age of the beginning. II thousand AD.
Alena Basikirskaya, “Pa prastorakh shyrokay RADZIMY.To her in the songs of lyuboy I nyasu!” “Mierskiya Naviny”, September 20, 2016.
Alexander Rynkevich, “Papyaredziy vorag” “Mierskiya naviny”
A. Kapusta, “Adlik-z 852-ha” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 66 SATURDAY, August 18, 2012.
Peter Sinyavsky “Adkul veska Pustaparozhnya” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 68 SATURDAY, August 11, 2007.
Tatiana Kozlovskaya “Holy Pustoshtsy” “Mierskiya naviny”, August 2018.
T. Klimanskaya “Putsinava-may vesachka” “Mierskiya naviny”, 2007.
I. Mikalaeva “Putsyatsina” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 13 SATURDAY, February 12, 2011.
Eliza Blazhevich, “At Rachneiskim sadochku, pad dreytsami y tsyanechku” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 66 Tuesday, August 19, 2014.
Svetlana Valazhenok “Rameleyshchyna” “Mierskiya naviny”
“Tam, dze klen shumits”, N. Stankevich. “Mierskiya naviny”, August 2017
In Baranchiki now only one house is occupied by indigenous people. The estate next door is being looked after by an heiress from the city. Having appreciated the advantages of the local landscapes, polotchanka also bought a dacha here.
“Umovy dlya statka” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 74 Tuesday, September 14, 2010.
When you drive from Miory towards Polotsk, you meet the village of Sharagi . Its name traces the “fomillera” trace. It is most likely that “sharagi” came from the surname Sharag, which is quite common in the district. It indicates the founder of the family, formed from a similar name, the Yiddish name Shrag (Shraga, Shrage) means “candle, flame”.
Now Sharagi is a small village. Life here is moderate and slow.
“Svyat” T. Shupeyko” Mierskiya naviny”
This was confirmed by the holiday of the village of Sharagi, which has only four streets, and 135 people live here.
“Shalokava Balota” by M. Bogdanov
In my native places there is a small swamp, outwardly not attractive. But it was called unusual-Shelkovo, and there were too many different stories about it. Once I started a conversation about this with the oldest villager, Athanasius. He took out a pack of cigarettes, sat down on the deck where he was chopping wood, and began to talk.
“I don’t know what’s true,” old Apanas finished .”But right now, the richest treasure in the Shelkovo Swamp is the juicy berries that people gather from all over the area.
Ludovic Azhevsky, “Familii na Miershchyn” “Mierskiya naviny” 2018.
Dmitry Vasilenko, “Sitskova:toysty, bagaty abo va shtsekah” “Mierskiya naviny”
Nina Lukyanova, “In Sitkovo soon housewarming”, “Narodnae slova” # 39 Thursday, March 8, 2010.
R. Szymukowicz, “Vedac mesca, dze žyvesz” “Mierskija naviny”
“Krayaznaystva” R. Shimukovich
In 2007, we created the stand “Sights of Sitkovo and its surroundings”, where we noted the most distinctive historical, natural, and economic objects within a radius of 10 km.
Dmytro Vasilenko, “Adkul pakhodzits nama Slabada?” “Mierskiya naviny”
A. Antonchik “Slabada i Napaleon” “Mierskiya naviny”
T. Kozlovskaya, “Slaysya, vesachka!” “Mierskiya naviny”
Tatiana Ivashkevich “Prygozhya pesni i dobryya slovy guchali y Sakalove” “Mierskiya naviny”
Fadei Shimukovich, “Zyamlya z potu i kryvi” “Mierskiya naviny” 2017.
Z. Bunto, “Stefanova-vesachka malaya “”Mierskiya naviny” No. 68 Tuesday, August 23, 2005.
“Syastra Khatyni” D. Vasilenko “Mierskiya naviny”
Sukhoverzhye is a small locality in Miorsky Selsoviet. There are no more than 100 residents here . The path to the swamp of the Republican hydrological reserve passes through the village “Yelnya”.
E. Blazhevich, “Ad pradzeday spakon vyakoy us zastalasya spadchyna” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 70 Tuesday, August 31, 2004.
L. Kosaty, “Da zabytykh vysnoy” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 67 SATURDAY, August 22, 2009.
L. Matelenok, “Kaloniya…Svjardly” “Mierskiya naviny”
“Pamij Talachynom Anekdot i Mierami” S. Abramovich
Tolochinets offered to listen to the story about the incident, according to him, in one of the road treacheries near Talachin.
Ludovik Azheysky, “Familii na Miershchyn” “Mierskiya naviny” 2018.
“Praz gady” Z.Bunta “Mierskiya naviny” No. 71 Saturday, September 4, 2010
Ludovik Azheysky, “Familii na Miershchyn” “Mierskiya naviny” 2018.
Ludovik Azheysky, “Familii na Miershchy” “Mierskiya naviny” 2018.
Ludovik Azhevsky, “Familii na Miershchyn” “Mierskiya naviny”, 2018.
Dmitry Vasilenko, “Nama gavoryts sama za syabe” “Mierskiya naviny”
Svetlana Popereden, “Paint, vesachka! ” “Mierskiya naviny”
Ermalenok V.A. From the history of the village of UZMENY
The name comes from the Slavic word “uzmen” – hill. Indeed, Seliba is located on the high, steep right bank of the Western Dvina River. But our explorations and finds of stone tools proved that these places were inhabited in the Neolithic, 5 thousand years before the Slavs. The local school’s museum still has a flint arrowhead. The settlement was first mentioned in documents of the XVI century, when it belonged to the Oginsky princes. The study of the history of Uzmen is also difficult because it is often difficult to find out what kind of Uzmen we are talking about. The fact is that on the right bank of the Dvina, just opposite our village, there were also Uzmen owned by the same owners. In the XVIII century, the estate passed to the Mirskys, and later to the Svirskys. Subsequently, it was owned by the shields. The estate of Uzmena on the right bank received the name Justinianovo from Justinian Schita, who ruled from 1663 to 1677. From him, by right of the presidency, the possession was received by Konstantin Martin Schit (1649-1712), who held the posts of sub-judge and sub-mayor of Polotsk. From his estate, the Usmen pass to John the Shield (1705-1787), who had an only son, named after his great-grandfather Justinian. When it was built on the right bank of the palace, a chapel and a church, of which now there is not even a foundation, but only brick rubble. The estate of Uzmena on the left bank passed into the possession of the Svirskys, as the daughter of the shield of Jozef married Jozef of Svir, and their daughter married Claudius of Mir from the estate of Kamianpole. Under his leadership, a persistent but fruitless struggle took place against the forcible transfer of the Uzmen Uniates from the Orthodox. Later, the Uzmen pass to the Svirsk, and from them to the Oginsky. In pre-war Poland, the estate is divided between Askerki, Oginska and Tselinska. Until now, only the alley from the manor yard, which is still called “Askerkovaya”, has remained. We are moving to the school, which is located on the site of the former parish church, built in 1889. It has a beautiful museum, which was created by Natalia Leonidovna Tomashevich. The sections tell about the history of V. Uzmena and the surrounding area from antiquity to the present day. The most interesting exhibits: a silicon arrowhead of the IV millennium BC, a stone axe of the 1st thousand rubles BC. E., Ladies ‘ purse of the XIX century made of silver wire, documents of the XIX-XX centuries.
“Liudzi syala” T. Pashkevich “Vitebsk News” No. 4 (531) January 12, 2017
In the Uzmeny of the Miorsky district, through which our bus passed last summer to the festival in Rositsa, two things caught my eye: the well-groomed agro-town, which stretches along the bank of the Western Dvina, and the length of the bridge over the river .It was then that I had a desire to return here again, to get to know the local people. However, the intention was only implemented in December. Together with the chairman of the village Council of Deputies Tatyana Smulko went to inspect the area.
“Sledapyt” D. Vasilenko
The agro – town of Uzmeni is the center of the village council of the same name .The name ,as historians explain, comes from the word “Uzmen”, which in local terms means hill. The village really stands on the slopes of a very high mountain, on which a variety of buildings seem to have scattered: from wooden houses to modern brick cottages. It is difficult not to agree with this option. Most trackers consider it to be the main and most true one.
“Vinagrady-Radzima May” E. Blazhevich “Mierskiya naviny” April, 2007
More than 30 years ago, Leonid Filippovich Snopok left the village of Vinohrady in the Uzmen village council. After graduating from the octagon, he studied at the Miory Secondary School, and in 1972 he entered the Vitebsk Technical School No. 29.
“U pryazernykh Visyatakh” E. Blazhevich “Mierskiya naviny” No. 41 Saturday, May 23, 2015
It is the geographical feature and natural beauty that contributed to the consolidation of people in the Visyats in ancient times. Local boys brought young wives to their parents ‘ homes, and then took up the construction of axes and the screeching of saws subsided. Due to the distance from the central roads, industrial and social facilities, young people did not stay in the village.
– There are only nine people in Visyaty now, most of them are of respectable age, – says the chairman of the Novopogost village Council, Raisa Alexandrovna Gernat. – There are five houses in the village, two of them are occupied by married couples who have already celebrated their golden wedding.
Ermalenok V. A.
The first mention of this village is known from the metrical books of the Novopogost church, dating back to 1756, but based on the archaeological sites located in the vicinity, it appeared much earlier. The village seems to cling to a high mountain of geological origin, at the crossroads of Apanasenki—Novy Pogost, Rumishche—Sobolevschina. These places have long been ruled by the lords of Kletta. A mountain up to 21m high blocked the village from the cold northern winds. Tourists can tell the following performance. One day in Kupala, teenagers grazing horses decided to dig up a treasure trove of gold, which seemed to be hiding in the so — called “trough” – an oblong pit on the southern side of the mountain slope. The boys set to work earnestly, and after a while their shovels began to rattle against the wrought-iron chest. But at this time, the horses that had been left unattended screeched in fear. Running to them, the teenagers saw that all the animals were cut by wolves. When they returned, the trunk seemed to have fallen through the ground. And how many people then did not dig in that “trough”, the treasure was never found. In this legend, perhaps, the origin of the name of the village is combined with the presence of a large number of predators-wolves. Probably even the existence of a temple on the mountain, where wolves were worshipped. The village has long belonged to the domain of the Kletts. In the XVIII century. there are no more than eight estates of serfs. At the beginning of the twentieth century, there was a shop owned by Jozef Vaiskovic, and a tavern kept by Matvey Bogdanovich. In 1919, there were already 24 peasant farms in the village. At this time, there were Polish legionnaires who made a shooting range and a platform for cavalry exercises near the mountain. In the interwar period, Volkovshchina grew to 45 farms. The road to the New Churchyard is polluted. In 1926-1927, a cell of the Belarusian peasant-labor community headed by Pyotr Kurilovich was actively working. To replace the Belarusian school, which operated in the Lipsky house, the Polish authorities in 1920 opened a four-class school in the Polish language, where first Zzymnitskaya, and then Elena Zalesskaya, taught. In 1939, after the annexation of Western Belarus to the BSSR, Volkovshchina became the center of the village council, and the collective farm “Red Star”was created. 15 servicemen did not return to the war from the front. For travelers, the most interesting place is the temple, located at a distance of 1 km to the southwest of the village. On the way to it, we stop at the stones, where you can see the images of the left barefoot and right human feet in shoes with a heel. There is a local legend about this. When the stones were soft, little Christ ran barefoot and left a trail. He was chased by King Herod, and the imprint of his shoes was preserved. The temple was excavated by the “Argonauts” in 1990 under the guidance of a researcher of the Academy of Sciences of the BSSR, archaeologist E. Zaikovsky. Interesting structures made of stones were found. There is a legend that there was once a city on this hill, so the name of it is a Town, but for the sins of the people the city failed, but still everyone can hear, putting his ear to the Ground, the bells of the former church. From the temple at a distance of 2 km to the south, next to the road in the snow, is the settlement of Sobolevschina. The height of its oxen is 7 m., it has steep slopes, overgrown with forest. The platform is round, with a diameter of 45 m. There is a swampy meadow around the settlement. The cultural layer is 0.5 m. The settlement belongs to the late stage of the Dnieper-Dvina culture of the III-IV century AD. No excavations were carried out. During our explorations, we found stucco ceramics, burnt stones, and coals. During the trip, the Argonauts did not find any damage to this archaeological site.
“Holy” T. Kozlovskaya
Our Volkovshchina is more than 250 years old. The road, and then the street that connected this locality with the neighboring Tribukhovshchina, in the late 80s of the last century, got its name associated with the centralized delivery of gas cylinders. It starts from the house of Vladimir Gennadyevich and Alla Vitalyevna Lapkovsky and ends with the housing of Viktor Ivanovich and Antonina Nikitovna Chernyavsky. The first settlers here were Voiskovichi, Drageli, Bogdanovichi, Kovalenki.
“Igray garmonik” T. Kozlovskaya “Mierskiya naviny” 23.08.2010.
August in the village of Volkovshchina began with the holiday “On the street accordion plays …” on the Youth. And it is not so important that it has only 19 yards. Once there was a village Tribukhovshchina . In it, young families liked to settle in their own housing or built by a collective farm. That’s how a small settlement of six farmsteads joined the central estate. And the name was not accidental.
“Cavaliers of chatyrokh Georgiyskikh kryzhoy” K. Gaidukov, B. Matveev
Mikhail Matveyevich Bogdanovich: then lives are unknown. Place of birth: Vilenskaya gubernia, Disensky Pavn., Yoda or Novopogostskaya vol., Volkovshchina village.
“Rodny kut, yak you me mily!” L. Belaya “Mierskiya naviny” No. 67 Tuesday, August 21, 2012.
Vladimir Stanislavovich and Miroslava Kazerovna Karavatsky live in the village of Vorobyovo.
“Svyata veski” N. Korzenok ” Mierskiya naviny”
The villages of Voronki and Sokolovschina are located in one of the picturesque corners of the Miorschina, to the borders of which the bor approaches. Since ancient times, the spring of St. John with healing water has been flowing here. The local residents are elderly. There are no young people. But on August 20, after learning that we had a holiday, guests arrived on bicycles and on foot – boys and girls from neighboring villages.
“Svyata veski” A. Basikirskaya
The village festival was held in Vozovniki. For the villagers, it became a real rest of the soul. The collective of amateur performances of the Chepukovsky House of Culture performed.
By tradition, a little history. At the beginning of the XIX century in the village of Vozovniki there were more than 50 yards. In the 20s, there was a Polish school here, where children from the surrounding villages studied, then it was moved to Usovci. In the early 50s, a new primary school appeared in Vazovniki and lasted until the 70s.
“Vyata” Faina Voitova 25.09.2004” Mierskiya naviny”
I heard a story once
About the Mior river Vyata.
Flows there near
Vyata in the thicket of the manhole.
Once upon a time there lived a miller
, who built the mill himself,
For the Peasants, he ground grain.
That mill has been gone for a long time.
And from those distant times
Only the foundation is preserved.
There is a wonderful waterfall there,
The soul is also pleased with the look.
With the mill in unity lived:
The driving force served.
They say that there is nowhere
Equal in beauty.
I dream of going there,
A kind word to say,
Bow down, pray,
Sit by that little water.
“Krayaznaystva” S. Vasiliev S. P 17.09.2013
Vyata was first mentioned in 1516 in connection with the privilege that the Grand Duke of Lithuania Zygmund the Old gave to the local magnate Ivan Spag to build a fortress at the mouth of the Vyata river at its confluence with the Dvina River and to lay a city, pubs and a market here. It is known that in 1556 Vyata belonged to the princes of Pronsk, natives of Ryazan region, and in 1566 the yard and the shtetl passed to the Russian voivode Nikolai Sinyavsky. The fortress of Vyata is marked on all maps of the INCL in the 16th and 17th centuries. But then the information about it disappears. Most likely, it was destroyed during the bloody flood of 1654-1667. troops.
It is known about Vyata from the “audit tales” of 1756 that the village had 20 yards and 131 inhabitants. This is quite a large settlement for our places of that time. In general, there is a popular saying about Vyata: “first a city, then a place, then a village, and then three shacks.”
Dmitry Vasilenko, “Shto y imeni tvaim?” “Mierskiya Naviny”, January 18, 2018.
Ludvik Azhevsky, “Pratsyag” “Mierskiya naviny” Tuesday, July 31, 2018.
Dmitry Vasilenko, “Shto y imeni tvaim?” “Mierskiya Naviny”, January 18, 2018.
Lyudmila Belaya, “Na paklon da batskoyskay zyamli” “Mierskiya naviny” Tuesday, July 23, 2019.
Natalia Stankevich, “Tam, dze veski byli vyalikiya” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 83 Tuesday, October 15, 2019.
“Litoyski? Not, Zabalotstseyski!” A. Basikirskaya “Mierskiya naviny” No. 68 Tuesday, November 3, 2015
In October, we celebrated the 205th anniversary of the birth of the famous sculptor and rebel from Zabolotye, Henrikh Dmakhovsky. In the building where the countryman was born and lived, now a library-club, the museum of Belarusian life invites visitors to it, where the place of honor is also given to Dmakhovsky.
“Entuziasty” “Mierskiya naviny” No. 46 Saturday, June 10, 2017
Zabolotye is primarily known for the fact that the famous sculptor and rebel Heinrich Dmakhovsky was born here in 1810. On a strong foundation from the arch of the estate of this gentry family now stands a building that was used for various purposes. Now it has a rural library, the owner of which for a long time is Lyudmila Belaya. She is not only an experienced cultural worker with a lot of experience, but also a local historian-ectusiast.
“Vossenskii les” Z.Rodzina of “Mierskiya naviny” No. 101, 2017
Yaki tsudoyny les la veski Zachareye,
Radami elachki zyaleny stayats.
Niby y lusterka draytsy yse glyadzyac.
Razdolle tut, kudi ni kinesh vokam,
Grybnaya rossyp, tolki i zbirai!
A ranitsay tuman z prazrystay pavalokay,
Pavetra chystay, vodar udykhay.
Tut asabliva vosennyu prygozha.
Idzesh, mizh drey prykmetsish gryb:
I baravik, i padasinavik, i zelyanushka.
Alenka koshyk nazbarala ymig.
I vos brusnitsy, spelyya takiya,
Byary ix zhmenko, dy y kot kladzi.
Tsudoyny smak, ahz sertsa nye.
Palasavaysya, dy daley idzi.
Yak na gory yznyaysya-uporavenj ty z golem!
U nizinu spuscishsya – i reha ne chuvats,
Niby shavaysya shraz ad navakollya,
Uskraek nebaskhilu tolki i vidac.
Paskrypvajut stromkija sasenki,
I dziacel tukae, nibita dravasek.
Prygozhy les staits, niby zaslonka:
Ad mitusni ludskoi skhavaysya chalavek.
Yarchei zha soneyka zazzyai,
Lyasnyya farby azhyvi.
Lybly cyabe, moi rodny krai,
Prytulak tut maei dyshy.
“Zyamlya, yakoy you chastsinka” L. Belaya
Away from the main roads, in the most beautiful places near the purest lake, the village of Zapolosye is located. On one of the August days, we were also pleased with the concert program. Almost all the residents gathered in the courtyard to see Elder Vladimir Mikhailovich Latyshkevich and his hospitable hostess Natalia Alexandrovna.
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