Museum of Books and Prints

The grand opening of the museum took place on January 16, 2009. The museum is located in the school building on the first floor with a total exhibition area of 100 sq. m. The number of exhibits is 11 thousand. The research and support fund is 7 thousand 4 thousand basic fund. Over the past three years, the museum has been replenished with three thousand new exhibits. The director of the museum and his students, the members of the archeological and local lore circle «Argonauts of the Past» have developed 17 excursions. It corresponds to the number of the expositions. Excursions are hold in five languages: Belarusian, Russian, Polish, English, German.

MUSEUM SECTIONS

In the first section, «the origins of writing», there are models of a broad bull bone and a piece of silk with Chinese characters, an unusual ancient Roman book with wooden pages covered with wax, clay tablets from Mesopotamia. Next to it are stored dummy wooden tablets with wax, on which you can read the inscription in the Old Slavic language. By the way, the letters on such peculiar ancient sheets were written in special letters, first in bone, wooden, and later in bronze, iron, silver, and even gold. this exhibition contains an original Egyptian papyrus, a stone proslitsa with Scandinavian runes of the XII century-a single such find in Belarus.

Unique exhibits are also placed in the section «Handwritten book». The oldest exhibits are «Lunoslov», «Flower Garden», «Nomakanon», written in Old Slavonic in the middle of the XVIII century.

The oldest exhibit of the section «Old printed books «is the» temporary worker» of 1640, which has an oak cover covered with leather. Here are stored the «Psalter», «Breviary» of the nineteenth century, the Polish-language book of «Sermons» of the XVIII century, the sixteenth volume of the Complete Works of Rousseau published in 1795. The Benedictine Calendar of 1768 is more than 2000 pages long with the lives of the saints. In the section «Old Belarusian Book» most of the exhibits were published after 1905. Among them are the 1st and 2nd readings for Belarusian children, as well as «Nemanov Dar» by Yakub Kolas, works by Ales Harun, Ya. Farbotka, M. Goretsky, V. Lastovsky, P. Prostoy and others.

The section is especially rich in various thematic exhibits «Spiritual literature». And this is not surprising, because despite the long-term dominance of the ideology of atheism among the local population, sincere faith in God never faded, icons, prayer books, and the Gospels were passed down from generation to generation. Here, for example, the Bible is kept in different formats in Latin, Polish, there is also a Protestant One, published in German in the Gothic style. Interesting is the rare edition of the Old Testament in the Hebrew language. Among the prayer books, it is worth noting the children’s Ukrainian book of 100 years ago.

In the section «World literature» you can get acquainted with the Polish-language edition of the works of G. Sinkevich, the books of 1875 in Lithuanian, as well as the Serbian language of the second half of the XIX century, the time when Serbia won its independence. poems by Anlian modernist poets, various editions in Swedish of the first half of the 20th century.

Rich in publications of the 19th century. 20. the section «Russian literature». In addition to art books by Pushkin, Nekrasov, Belinsky, Lermontov, Turgenev, publications on medicine, history, and Legal literature.

The section «Old textbooks» contains manuals of the XIX — early XX century on geography, physics, and other sciences in Latin, Polish, Russian, Latvian, French, and German of the 19th and 20th centuries.

The section «Textbooks of the Soviet school» contains school manuals, mainly textbooks of the mid-20th century. The most unique exhibit is the «Workers’ and peasants «Primer for adults» of 1920.

The works of writers and poets, natives of Miorshina can be found in the section «Literary Miorshina». Among them are the works of S. Poniznik, F. Sivko, Ya. Gushche, A. Maslo, S. Dargel and dozens of other publications of creators from our area.

In the section «Magazines» there are many different thematic Polish-language magazines for teachers, youth, women, religious publications, magazines of the Soviet era. A rare edition is the magazine «Our Gloss» of the Disen Gymnasium in 1938, and the oldest is the French «Military magazine» of 1797.

There are many unique exhibits in the «Newspapers» section. Among them, for example, the issue of the newspaper «Bee» in 1882, published for beekeepers in German «The latest news from Hungary» in German in 1905, the newspaper «Courier Vilensky», the newspaper «Gatzuka» in 1882, the annual file of the «Belarusian source» for 1927, and many others.

Interesting exhibits from different countries of the world are stored in the sections «Calendars and calendars», «Postcards», «Advertising» and «Postage stamps». The oldest «Long-lived» of them is 130 years old.

In 2013, a new section «Philumenia» was created, which tells about the labels on matches from different countries of the world of the 19th and 20th centuries.

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